How the Process of Making Plastic is as Harmful as Plastic Waste

The surprising effects it has on our health and environment

Nowadays we constantly hear about how bad plastic is for the environment and the ways we can reduce the amount of plastic that ends up in landfills and our oceans. You've probably seen photos of plastic trash on beaches or plastic hurting wildlife, but waste isn't the only problem with plastic. The materials for plastic have to be drilled out of the ground, cleaned and processed, and melted into different products, all of which have their own harmful environmental and health effects (hello climate change!). That's why we took a deep-dive into the plastic-making process to help you better understand it's negative impacts on us and the planet. Keep reading if you want to be extra motivated to limit plastics in your life!

What is Plastic?

Plastic is a group of materials that are made out of organic and synthetic materials and are classified as polymers, a group of different combined atoms (2). Think of it like making a chain of paper clips to make a necklace or a paper clip garland! In order to make these polymers, raw materials are used such as cellulose, coal, natural gas, salt, and most commonly crude oil (3). And the reason plastic is so highly used is because it has the ability to be molded or shaped into virtually any form when heat or pressure is added, which is where the word plasticity comes from. Some other properties of plastic are low electrical conductivity, transparency, and toughness (4). And if plastic alone is not good enough for a specific product or purpose, the properties can be modified with different fillers, colors, foaming agents, and other modifiers creating really unique plastic products (3). Common additives are flame retardants which reduce flammability, phthalates which make plastic more pliable, and heavy metals, like lead and cadmium, which are stabilizers and add pigments. All of these additives have some level of health concern and when added to plastics increases the products toxicity (5). Other chemicals, like BPA, are used to manufacture certain types of plastics and the residual amounts of these chemicals later leach from the plastics during use. These additives and other chemicals are a big reason why there is such a push for individuals to reduce their plastic use because it could be directly affecting their health (5).

The Life-cycle of Plastic

A better understanding of how plastic is actually made is key to understanding why it's so problematic. Each step in the plastic making process has its own environmental and health impacts.

1. Extraction and Transportation

The first step to creating plastic is to extract the raw materials, which are most commonly crude oil and natural gas. Crude oil is found deep in underground reservoirs where large drills are used to extract it and this extraction can be done on land or at offshore drilling sites (6). Natural gas is also found in underground deposits, however, the extraction process is slightly different and uses a process called hydraulic fracturing. Hydraulic fracturing or fracking is when high pressure streams of water, chemicals, and sand are shot through rock breaking it open and releasing pockets of natural gas that are then captured (12). Once the oil and natural gas is extracted it needs to be transported to facilities where it can be further refined and processed into different materials. For the transportation, pipelines, ships, and trucks are used which all have high risks for leaks and spills that could cause further environmental damage and health concerns. And often the drilling sites and the refining facilities are in different countries which increases the amount of travel and therefore the emissions produced during transportation (7).

In this phase of making plastic there are a lot of potential health issues including cancer, liver damage, autoimmune disorders, allergies, respiratory issues, and reproductive and developmental issues (8,9,14). These issues come from the emissions of the machinery used to extract and transport the raw materials as well as the chemicals used to extract the oil and natural gas. Chemicals like benzene, other dangerous VOC's, and another 170+ toxic chemicals used in fracking can be emitted into the air or local waterways making risk of exposure extremely high (14). And along with health issues, there are a myriad of environmental issues including water contamination, poor air quality, oil spills, micro earthquakes, habitat destruction, and massive amounts of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere (8,9,12,14). Some estimates show that 9.5-10.5 megatons of carbon dioxide per year is emitted due to the extraction and transportation of natural gas in the US for plastic production (7). That is a lot of carbon dioxide and subsequent climate change impacts for just one phase of plastics life-cycle!

2. Refining

After the crude oil and natural gas is transported to a refining facility, they need to be processed and rid of impurities like sand, sulfur, and other materials that might have been released during extraction (6). For crude oil this is done by heating the oil to a high temperature and then sending it to a distillation tower. In this tower the heavy oil is separated into lighter components called fractions (10). Some of these fractions include gasoline, kerosene, gas oil, heavy gas oil, and naphtha which is a crucial component to making large amounts of plastic (7). For natural gas a similar process is done, however, instead of immediately going into a distillation tower the gas is cooled in a Natural Gas Liquid Separator where products like ethane, propane, NGL, and natural gasoline are separated out (7,13). Next the naphtha and the natural gas products are further broken down into lighter components so they are easier to use. This method is called "cracking" and it can be done by using high heat and pressure which is known as steam cracking or by using catalysts to change the composition of the material known as catalyst cracking (10,11). The cracking process yields lighter monomers that are the building blocks of plastic and the most common ones are ethylene, propylene, butylene, benzene, toluene, and xylene (10).

To be able to transform the raw materials into the building blocks of plastic takes a tremendous amount of energy that most often comes from the burning of fossil fuels. At this point in the plastics life cycle, steam cracking accounts for most of the emissions made because it requires so much energy to heat up the materials as well as put them under extreme pressure. Along with the emissions from the amount of fossil fuels burned for energy, there are a lot of other carcinogens and highly toxic substances released into the air during refining and manufacturing. Workers in these plants, and people living in local and downstream communities are at higher risk of negative health impacts. Some of the documented effects of being exposed to such chemicals are impairment of the nervous system, reproductive and developmental problems, cancer, leukemia, and genetic impacts like low birth weight (7,14). The majority of US ethane cracker plants are located near communities that are low-income and communities of color, further contributing to environmental injustice.

3. Production and Consumer Use

Once the monomers are created from the refining and distillation process, they need to be converted into polymers. This process is known as polymerization and it is where the monomers are chemically linked together, which then creates a thick substance called resin. If we took the gaseous monomer ethylene and subjected it to heat, pressure, and a certain catalyst the monomers would join together creating the resin polyethylene, the most common form of plastic (10). Once the polymers are created they are sent through an extruder to create long tubes where they are then cut into small plastic pellets for easy transport to production facilities. These facilities will melt the pellets and mix in additives of their choice to create the desired product for consumer use (10).

During consumer use is when most of us are likely to come into contact with a lot of the additives put in plastic like BPA, phthalates, and flame retardants and so many more that can increase our risk for health issues. We can be exposed through skin to skin contact, ingestion of substances stored in plastic, or even by accidentally consuming plastic, and by breathing in fumes that might come from plastic products or the burning of plastic. Being exposed to these toxic chemicals is associated with renal, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, neurological, reproductive, and respiratory systems problems, as well as cancers, diabetes, and developmental toxicity (5,14).

4. Waste

Many studies have shown that the impact of plastic doesn't stop after it has been thrown away. Once thrown away, a piece of plastic can travel through many different paths. One path is recycling which involves collection, transportation, processing, and remanufacturing, which often costs much more than just using virgin materials. Because it is so inefficient and costly to recycle materials, only 9% of all plastic made since 1950 has actually been recycled. Other pathways include incineration which accounts for 12% of the total plastic waste, and then the rest of the plastic has been buried, littered on land, illegally burned, or dumped into the ocean (7).

One of the biggest issues with plastic waste is microplastics. On average about 8 million tonnes of plastic is dumped into the ocean each year and eventually it breaks down into microplastics which makes it very difficult to remove (1). Marine species are heavily impacted by microplastics because often they mistake the small piece of plastic for food and while the plastic sits in their body it leaches out chemicals harming their bodily functions. And along with marine animals, humans are also heavily affected by microplastics. Not only do we eat some marine animals that are contaminated but microplastics have been found in sediment, soil, and air. Microplastics have even made their way into our food and drinks, such as beer, tap water, and sea salt (5,15). Although research is still ongoing, some potential health effects that may be linked to concentrations of ingested microplastics are metabolic disruption, immune dysfunction, neurodegenerative diseases, and chronic inflammation, which can lead to cancer (16-18).

With all the benefits of plastic, there comes a dozen issues that need to be addressed. Plastic production isn't going to stop overnight but there are ways we can reduce our exposure and try to slow down plastic production in the future!

How to Limit Plastics in Your Life

By far the type of plastic that contributes the most to the waste-stream is packaging! Plastic packaging accounts for 40% of all plastic being produced and is highly problematic. Most plastic packaging is made for a single use and because of its thin and flexible nature it is extremely difficult to recycle. Because of this 40% of packaging is directly put in a landfill while 14% is incinerated, 14% is collected for recycling (however, only 2% actually gets recycled), and finally 32% follows other pathways like open dumping, open burning, or littered on land or in bodies of water (7). If there is anywhere in your life that you should try and cut down on plastic, it's here! Check out a few ways you can use less single use plastic!

  1. Try not to buy foods or other products that are individually wrapped within a larger piece of packaging. An example of this would be small pieces of candy that are individually wrapped within a larger plastic bag or snack packages of crackers or cookies that come in a larger plastic bag.
  2. If you can buy things in bulk bins that are usually wrapped in plastic, opt for the bulk option. Usually you will save money and not have to throw away a piece of plastic!
  3. If available, buy the option packaged in cardboard or glass, instead of plastic.
  4. Clean and reuse old food jars or invest in glass food storage so you don't have to buy plastic tupperware, which is less durable. Your food is less likely to come into contact with any harmful plastic chemical additives this way.
  5. Look for biodegradable or compostable packaging. Many companies are using more sustainable packaging. This is a great way to support companies who are making good choices for the environment.
  6. Look for retailers who provide reusable options or bring your own. Plastic bags, disposable utensils, water bottles, take out containers, coffee cups, and more are all great places to start.

Plastic is a highly damaging and toxic material at every stage of its life. Not only is it being littered and thrown into our oceans, but it's adding harmful chemicals and tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere everyday. If we want to protect our health and the longevity of our environment we need to reduce the amount of plastic being used and ultimately how much of it is being produced. If you can do your part to slow down the damages made from plastic we urge you to start now!


  5. Toxic Additives in Plastics: Hidden Hazards Linked to Common Plastic Products | | SCP/RAC - Regional Activity Centre for Sustainable Consumption and Production. (n.d.). Retrieved June 25, 2021, from
  8. Cordes, E. E., Jones, D. O. B., Schlacher, T. A., Amon, D. J., Bernardino, A. F., Brooke, S., Carney, R., DeLeo, D. M., Dunlop, K. M., Escobar-Briones, E. G., Gates, A. R., Génio, L., Gobin, J., Henry, L.-A., Herrera, S., Hoyt, S., Joye, M., Kark, S., Mestre, N. C., … Witte, U. (2016). Environmental Impacts of the Deep-Water Oil and Gas Industry: A Review to Guide Management Strategies. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 4.
  9. Johnston, J. E., Lim, E., & Roh, H. (2019). Impact of upstream oil extraction and environmental public health: A review of the evidence. The Science of the Total Environment, 657, 187–199.
  15. Campanale, C., Massarelli, C., Savino, I., Locaputo, V., & Uricchio, V. F. (2020). A Detailed Review Study on Potential Effects of Microplastics and Additives of Concern on Human Health. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(4).

We all want our homes to be a safe haven for ourselves and the ones we love.

The single easiest thing you can do for a safer home is to take your shoes off at the door. If you're already doing it, congratulations! If you're not, you can start today and science shows it makes a difference!

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Non-Toxic Target College Dorm Picks

Everything you need to make a dorm feel like home!

Starting college is so exciting for so many reasons! A new school, new friends, and new adventures are just a few weeks away. If you're going to be living in a dorm room, you've probably already started thinking about decor and living essentials. That's why we picked out some of our favorite non-toxic dorm room essentials from Target! Our picks are made from safe materials like glass, stainless steel, and organic cotton. Each cotton item is also made with OEKO-TEX guidelines, which means it's been independently tested and certified against a list of over 350 harmful chemicals.

Organic Cotton Sheet Set

Getting a good night's sleep is a crucial part of any school routine. These 400 thread count cotton sheets will have you catching ZZZs in no time! We love that they're pill and shrink resistant, and made to strict Standard 100 by OEKO-TEX guidelines.

Organic Bath Towel

This soft, organic cotton bath towel is Made in Green by OEKO-TEX and will help any dorm shower feel a little more like home.

Chunky Knit Bed Blanket

This chunky knit blanket will add some serious cozy vibes to any dorm room! It's Standard 100 by OEKO-TEX® certified and comes in a ton of cute colors.

Seventh Generation Easy Dose Laundry Detergent

This ultra-concentrated laundry detergent will keep your clothes fresh and clean without harmful chemicals found in traditional laundry detergents.

Biokleen Stain and Odor Remover

If you're a workout aficionado with lots of athletic clothes, or if you just have a neglected pile of dirty clothes in the corner of your room, this stain and odor remover is perfect for you. It gets rid of those tough, lingering odors safely and naturally without the use of harsh chemicals.

Everspring Dryer Balls

Dryer sheets can be full of harsh chemicals, which is why we love wool dryer balls instead! These dryer balls will keep your clothes static free!

Grove Co. Multi-Purpose Cleaner Concentrates

Even a dorm room needs some TLC every now and then! Clean hard surfaces with this multi-surface cleaner from Grove Co. This streak-free cleaner will effectively remove dirt, grime, and residue leftover from that late night study session or post-finals party.

Lysol Power and Free Multi-Purpose Citrus Sparkle Cleaner Spray

Sometimes you needed a heavy-duty cleaner. We get it. That's why this Lysol hydrogen peroxide all-purpose cleaner is perfect for life's bigger messes. This product has an EPS design for environmental certified disinfectant, which means it was reviewed for both human health and environmental health, so you don't have to compromise on safety.

Ello Meal Prep Food Storage Container Set

That dorm room mini fridge was basically invented for leftovers. Keep your food fresh in these Ello food storage containers. Since they're made from glass instead of plastic, you can use them in the microwave without having to worry about harmful chemicals leeching into your food. Bonus: they're dishwasher safe!

Brita 20oz Premium Double-Wall Stainless Steel Insulated Filtered Water Bottle

Students do a lot of walking while on campus, so make sure to stay hydrated with a reusable water bottle! This insulated Brita stainless steel bottle will keep your water cool even on the hottest days. Bonus: It has a built in filter to keep your water pure and delicious.

Bodum Goose Neck 27oz Electric Water Kettle

You don't need a kitchen to enjoy a kettle! This compact glass kettle is perfect for dorm snacks like hot chocolate, tea, or coffee.

Klean Kanteen 12oz TKWide Insulated Stainless Steel with Café Cap

This stainless steel travel mug by Klean Kanteen is the perfect mug to toss in your backpack while you're on the go! It's spill and leak proof lid means you can enjoy your beverage on the go in any situation!

Dr. Bronner's Pure Castile Soap

Dr. Bronner's Castile Soap is a multi-use concentrate. Great as a body wash or even a shampoo or detergent. Its highly concentrated and made with great ingredients to ensure you get a bang for your buck and peace of mind.

Schmidt's Charcoal + Magnesium Aluminum-Free Natural Deodorant Stick

Aluminium-free deodorant is where its at! Stay fresh and free of unnecessary harmful chemicals.

Weleda Skin Food Original Ultra-Rich Cream

Keep that skin moisturized and toxic-free with this rich cream. Perfect for dry weather.

Stasher Reusable Silicone Food Storage Snack Bag

Great for taking a snack to lecture or for a weekend adventure, these Stasher snack bags are the answer to a useful plastic bags without all the waste and plastic made from harmful materials.

Seventh Generation Dish Liquid Soap

This dish soap will cut through grease and leave your dishes shiny and spotless without all the unnecessary harmful chemicals.


Everything You Need to Know About Artificial Turf

And why natural grass is a safer, eco-friendly, and healthier alternative

Have you ever been at your kid's soccer game and wondered if artificial turf is safe for them to play, snack, and lie on? What about those small black bits of infill that end up in every nook and cranny of your home or car?

Turns out that scientists are studying these same questions and artificial turf poses a number of health and environmental concerns. These include toxic chemicals in the artificial turf infill, artificial grass blades, and shock pad, as well as health concerns due to excessive heat. Environmental impacts of artificial turf include chemical runoff, microplastic pollution, and habitat loss. Is there a good alternative to artificial turf? Yes - just regular natural grass! Studies have shown that natural grass maintained with organic or sustainable practices provides a safer, practical, and affordable alternative for playing fields.

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Non-Toxic School Lunch Packing Essentials

Get ready for school with these eco-friendly options

Packing lunches for school is a lot of work! We know from firsthand experience how hard it can be to pack something nutritious that your kids will actually eat. Plus if you're trying to reduce the amount of food packaging or plastic waste in your kid's lunch, it can just seem overwhelming. To make things easier, we rounded up our favorite non-toxic school lunch packing essentials. We included stainless steel lunchboxes, a hot food container, snack containers and bags, reusable food wrap, and a couple of cute and functional lunch bags. All of these items are free of lead, phthalates (commonly found in vinyl), BPA, and PFAS (Teflon-like chemicals). Check out these lunch packing essentials and get inspired to pack the best lunches ever.

a) Lunchbots Large Stainless Steel Lunch Container

Lunchbots is a great stainless steel bento container that will last for years. This one has 5 compartments for every type of lunch and snack combo you can come up with. You can get dip condiment containers that are leak proof that neatly fit inside. Lunchbots also has smaller containers for snacks that you should check out as well.

b) Planetbox Lunchbox

This stainless steel lunch box is easy for kids to open with a simple latch. The lunchbox comes with containers for wet foods and dips and you can buy extra dividers. The different compartments make it easy to pack a variety of foods. We love how it comes with magnets on the cover so that kids can customize the look. Planetbox also has an insulated carry bag, just make sure to pick one of the patterns that is made without a PFAS durable water repellent. Planetbox also has a smaller sized box for snacks or for little ones.

c) Bentgo Kids Stainless Steel

Bentgo is a favorite bento container that now comes in stainless steel! The silicone lining on the lid makes it leak resistant as and the latches make the container easy to open. It comes with 3 compartments and an extra silicone container.

d) Thermos Stainless Steel Insulated Food Jar

This container keeps food hot for 5 hours and is perfect for days when soup or mac n cheese are on the menu. The handle make it convenient to carry and helps kids open the top.

e) Stasher bags

Stasher bags are so popular for a reason! Say goodbye to single use plastic bags and say hello to a reusable food packing essential that comes in lots of fun colors. We particularly love the sandwich and snack sizes and use them daily.

f) Zip Top Snack Containers

These Zip Top container are as convenient to use as they are cute! We love how they sit flat and are easy to open for small hands. They are perfect for some sliced fruit or any loose snack.

g) Ukonserve Round Nesting Trio Stainless Steel Containers

These snack containers come with see through lids so that kids know what's inside. The are great for snacks, or use all three to pack a bento style lunch. They also nest for easy storage.

h) If you care Sandwich Bags

Sometimes you need a disposable sandwich or snack bag. No judgement! These If You Care unbleached sandwich bags are made of greaseproof, nonstick paper which is biodegradable, compostable, and microwave safe. Perfect for a cookie, sandwich, or other dry snack.

i) Bee's Wrap Reusable Food Wrap

Replace plastic wrap with this sustainable alternative. Bee's Wrap is made from GOTS Certified organic cotton, sustainably harvested beeswax, organic jojoba oil, and tree resin. We love wrapping up snacks, sandwiches, and cut up fruits and veggies in these.

j) Fluf Lunch Bag

This organic cotton canvas lunch bag is fully machine washable! The interior is lined with a food safe water resistant lining (free of PFAS, phthalates, and other harmful chemicals) and has a pocket for a ice pack. The bag comes in so many cute prints and has a very durable canvas handle.

k) Fjallraven Kanken Mini Cooler

This well insulated lunch bag is made of durable, waxed fabric that is PFAS free! Bonus that the the fabric is made from recycled plastic. It comes in lots of cute colors and is sure to be a favorite for kids of all ages.

l) Petit Collage

A roomy insulated lunch box that is easy to wipe clean thanks to a biodegradable laminate made from sugar cane. It comes in several cute patterns and comes with a handle or a strap.

m) Ukonserve insulated lunch bag

This lunch bag is made from recycled plastic bottles and is free of PFAS, phthalates, and other toxic chemicals. It holds ups well to daily use and is roomy enough to pack a lunch plus snacks.


The 3 Easiest Things You Can Do for a Non-Toxic Pregnancy

Some no brainer, healthier swaps for you and baby

First off, congrats! Feeling overwhelmed? Excited but nervous? Well, fear not! You have plenty of time to set up your nursery, nest a bit, and even think of some names. But right now, it's time to take care of yourself. At this point, that is the best way to take care of your baby.

We've narrowed it down to the 3 easiest changes you can make that will help you have a non-toxic pregnancy. We promise, they are relatively no brainer swaps that have been shown to impact the health of your growing baby. If you start now, these are all things you will want to do once the baby is born, so you'll have created some healthy habits.

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Non-Toxic Paints for Your Nursery or Kids' Rooms

Baby safe and kid safe paints that are zero VOC and APE free

Painting and decorating a nursery is one of the best parts of waiting for a little one. Or adding a splash of color when making the transition from nursery to little kid room is also super fun. Whether you're painting just one accent wall, the entire room, or an unfinished pieces of furniture in just the perfect shade, it's important to pick a paint that not only looks good, but is baby and kid safe. Paint fumes and chemical additives can linger and baby's systems are especially vulnerable and sensitive. Luckily, there are safer paints on the market so that you can feel good about using them so close to where your little ones will sleep.

Best Practices While Painting

First things first- how to paint. Who paints a room and how the room is painted is super important in protecting your health. If you're currently pregnant, ask your partner or a friend to do the painting for you. You definitely don't need to be exposed to paint fumes while you're still growing a little person. You're doing enough as is! Also make sure there are no toddlers around while painting. Although having a little helper would be really cute, toddlers are in a critical developmental period and are especially susceptible to the negative effects of paint fumes. Plus you probably don't want anything with wet paint on it to become a messy toy!

It's also critical to ventilate as much as you can while painting. Have all windows and doors open and a fan running if possible. Even a box fan in the corner will help! When you're not using the paint (whether it's a small break or overnight), keep the lid sealed securely on the container. This will prevent emissions from escaping while the paint isn't in use.

What to Look for in a Safe Paint

Now that you know how to paint, which paint should you use? There are a ton of paints on the market right now that all boast different features. Who knew there were so many different paint finishes?! But here's what you really need to be on the lookout for:

  1. Zero VOCs (volatile organic compounds). VOCs are toxic gasses that are released from solids or liquids. Basically they are released when paint dries. You know, the weird new paint smell? Well VOCs can irritate your eyes, nose, and throat but repeated and long term exposure can cause cancer and damage to the liver, kidney, and central nervous system (1). Also, the pigments added to paints can have VOCs, particularly darker pigments, so be on the lookout for paint with zero VOC colorants.
  2. Look for APE- free paints. Alkylphenol ethoxylates (APEs) are a group of chemicals that are suspected endocrine disruptors (a.k.a these little guys mess up how hormones should normally work in the body) (2). You don't want those around babies or children or when you're breastfeeding. APE-free paint can be found easily, so just ask or look on the label.
  3. Avoid paints that are advertised as antimicrobial. Many paints contain a preservative to keep the paint fresh during storage, but paints that are advertised as antimicrobial may have other additives that are really just not necessary and there are no standards for efficacy (like does it actually kill harmful germs? And for how long?) It might sound good, but in reality they are also harmful to humans and don't do much (3).

Our Baby Safe and Kid Safe Paint Recommendations

Our recommendations will take the guesswork out of choosing a non-toxic paint brand, although you'll still have to pick the color! These paints are all zero VOCs and are free of APEs. In addition to the standard latex paints, we also included 2 options for milk paint, which are made from milk proteins and pigments. Milk paints are a bit more work to use, but are easy to use once you get the hang of it and you can create antique or smooth finishes. They are also great for painting furniture and decorations. No matter which paint brand you pick, you can feel safe about using them.

a) AFM Safecoat Zero VOC- This paint was designed specifically for those with allergies, asthma, and chemical sensitive. It comes in flat, pearl, eggshell, and semi-gloss finishes. Zero VOC, zero VOC colorants, APE free, and contains no mildewcides and fungicides. All ingredients are disclosed and the paint is SCS certified for indoor advantage gold.

b) Benjamin Moore Eco Spec- Benjamin Moore recently stopped making their Natura paint, but their Eco Spec paint is very similar and available nationally. Zero VOC, zero VOC colorants, and APE free. It is Green Seal 11 certified. It does contain isothiazolinone compounds to inhibit the growth of mold or mildew on the surface of the paint film.

c) Clare Paint- This paint come in specific designer curated colors, which can really help if you can't pick a color! Zero VOC, zero VOC colorants, and the eggshell and semi-gloss paints are APE free. It is also Greenguard Gold certified. It does contain a mildewcide to inhibit the growth of mildew.

d) Lullaby paints or ECOS paints- ECOS paint, which also makes their Lullaby paint line is a great zero VOC paint, with zero VOC colorants, APE free, and contains no algicides, mildewcides, and rust inhibitors. They have a color catalogue or you they can color match any national brand. They have both a Declare label and a Health Product Declaration in which they disclose all ingredients. Declare labels are issued to products disclosing ingredient inventory, sourcing and end of life options. Health Product Declarations are third party verified and include the health impact of all product ingredients.

e) Sherwin Williams Harmony- A zero VOC paint, zero VOC colorant paint that is available nationally. The primer and flat finishes are APE free. The paints are also Greenguard Gold certified. It does contain anti-microbial agents that inhibit the growth of mold and mildew on the paint surface.

f) Real Milk Paint- A natural paint option where the main ingredient is casein (milk protein). It comes as a powder that you mix it with water. The ingredients are casein (milk protein), calcium lime, natural pigment colors, and an edible plant based filler

g) Old Fashioned Milk Paint Farmhouse Finishes Safe Paint- This line of milk paint is formulated especially for painting walls. It comes as a powder that you mix with water. The ingredients are casein(milk protein), calcium hydroxide, chalk, clay, natural pigments, natural salts, and crystalline silica.

Updated for 2022!

Your little one deserves a crib that is both good looking and healthy. While we can't promise they will sleep through the night, we can promise that these cribs aren't covered in harsh chemicals or releasing large amounts of potentially dangerous fumes into your baby's room. We all want a nursery that will be a nurturing and loving place so that our babies can grow up strong and healthy. So we did our research and found all the highest rated cribs and then limited our picks to cribs that are GREENGUARD Gold certified, meaning they have been tested and meet stringent chemical and VOC emissions standards. That means your baby can sleep without fumes damaging their fragile lungs or irritating their eyes. And when your little one starts chewing on the rails, you can be rest assured that these paints and finishes are safe. We also included a non-toxic budget crib, which is a solid-wood choice from Ikea. While you are looking for a safe crib, you might also want to peruse our roundup of safe crib mattresses, to double down on the safest of safe sleeping places for your kiddos.

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