Family

The Essential Non-Toxic Baby Registry List

Everything you'll actually use, all with safer materials and no harmful chemicals

First off, congratulations! Having a little one on the way is so exciting. If you're like us, one of the first questions you had once you found out you were expecting was "what do I need to get before the baby arrives?!" A quick google search can result in thousands of product recommendations, hours of stressful research, and an overwhelming sense of unpreparedness.

But shake off all those stressful feelings because we're here to help! We know everyone wants their babies to come home to a safe and healthy environment, so we created the ultimate checklist for non-toxic baby products. Our guide has everything you need- whether you're shopping for yourself, curating a baby registry, or buying items for a friend or family member.


Why Non Toxic?

So, what does "non toxic" mean and why is it important when it comes to products for your little one? We're glad you asked. New chemicals are constantly being created and added to consumer products. Unfortunately, many of these chemicals are not well studied and oftentimes have unintended health impacts like cancer, hormone disruption, and developmental issues. Even though you'd think there would be extra safety regulations in place for baby products, many of these items still contain ingredients and materials that can irritate and impact a baby's sensitive body. Chemicals that cause hormone disruption are also especially bad for babies, since the first few years of life are such a critical time for development.

During our research, we carefully looked at the ingredient or material list for each product. If we were ever unsure about a product or ingredient, we reached out to the manufacturers directly to ask questions. In order to make our registry, recommendations can't contain harmful chemicals that are common in many popular products. Chemicals and materials we avoid because of their known negative health impacts include chemical flame retardants, synthetic fragrances, PVC (phthalates), PFAS (like Teflon), pesticides, heavy metals (like lead), bisphenols like BPA, unnecessary plastic waste and microplastics.

Because Health's Non-Toxic Baby Registry Recommendations

We've divided our recommendations into 7 main categories: on the go, sleeping, diapering, feeding, bathing, playing, and wearing. Each item is carefully selected with function, reviews, and usability in mind as well. We know all these purchases can quickly add up so we included products in a range of price points, from inexpensive ($) to moderate ($) to splurge-worthy finds ($).

1. On the Go

Car seat

If there is only one thing you absolutely need before the baby comes, it's a car seat! Seriously they won't let you go home without one, so make sure to have one ready to go. We have a recommended list of all the infant and convertible car seats available without chemical flame retardants, but if you are looking for some quick recommendations, here are our picks.

$ $ Maxi-Cosi Mico 30 Infant Car Seat- This car seat features a self-wicking, wool-free fabric without flame retardant chemicals. We love how easy to carry this car seat is and the comfortable padding it provides for babies.

$ $ $ Uppababy Mesa in Henry and Jordan- The first car seat to pass federal safety standards without chemical flame retardants. The Henry and Jordan fabrics use the natural wicking properties of Merino wool to help regulate temperature. Bonus it's also naturally flame resistant!

$ $ $ Nuna Pipa Lite- Not only is this car seat free of flame retardants, but it is Greenguard Gold certified, meaning that it's tested for low VOC and chemical emissions. It is also the lightest infant car seat on the market and has tons of safety features.

$ $ $ Britax One4Life in Safewash fabrics- If you only want to buy one car seat EVER, from rear facing infant through big kid high back booster, then this is the one for you. The SafeWash fabric is flame retardant free and machine washable!

Stroller

Whether you're going for a leisurely walk with your little one or out running errands, a good stroller is key. We looked for strollers that are free of flame retardants, phthalates, and PFAS. Many strollers are coated in PFAS like chemicals (Teflon) for their stain resistant and easy to clean properties, but generally though time these coatings wear off. Plus the fabrics used in strollers are generally easy to clean even without the chemical treatment. So we really don't think PFAS chemicals are necessary or safe to have around babies.

$ $ $ Babyzen Yoyo2- A super compact, folding stroller that's really convenient for travel and everyday use. Free of flame retardants and PFAS.

$ $ $ Bumbleride Indie- An All terrain stroller that is a must if your walks take you on gravel or dirt paths. Bumbleride has the best environmental and health criteria of all stroller companies. Their strollers are free of PFAS chemicals, made with recycled plastics (even some ocean plastic!), and all fabrics are OEKO-TEX Standard 10 tested.

$ $ $ Bumbleride Era- A compact urban stroller from a company with impeccable environmental and health criteria. It has a reversible seat, which is great for infants, and a long seat, which is great for toddlers! Free of PFAS chemicals, made with recycled plastics (including some ocean plastic!), and all fabrics are OEKO-TEX Standard 10 tested.

$ $ $ $ Bugaboo Fox2- This stroller is a luxury pick but it's incredibly lightweight, adjustable, and super convenient. The standing one piece fold is definitely a hit with new parents. All fabrics are OEKO-TEX® Standard 100 tested, and it's free of flame retardants and PFAS.

Wrap Style Carrier

A baby wrap is a nice snuggly way to wear your baby. We love using these wrap style carriers during the first couple of months when babies need to be held around the clock.

$ $ Baby K'tan- This wrap is made with GOTS certified organic cotton and doesn't require you to do the wrapping yourself. It comes in multiple sizes and can be used for a variety of carrying positions!

$ $ Solly Baby- A favorite for warm weather, this breathable one-size-fits-all wrap is made from 100% plant based Lenzing modal. Comes in so many cute colors and patterns.

Soft Structured Baby Carrier

A soft-structured baby carrier has buckles and is a good choice for easy baby wearing. Soft structured carriers generally offer good support, so they can be especially useful when babies are bigger and heavier. Many also have an outward facing option for when your little one wants to see everything that's going on!

$ $ Babybjorn Baby Carrier Mini- This is a great compact carrier that allows your baby to face either in and out. All fabrics meet OEKO-TEX standard 100.

$ $ Beco Gemini Organic Baby Carrier- This is a sleek carrier that has great back support and is made with organic cotton.

$ $ $ Baby Bjorn Carrier One- This is a classic baby carrier that allows you to carry facing in, facing out, and on your back. It's more supportive than the Mini version, so you can carry your baby with more back support as they get bigger and heavier! All fabrics meet OEKO-TEX standard 100.


2. Sleeping

Crib

We made sure all of these cribs are Greenguard Gold certified, meaning they've been tested and meet stringent chemical and VOC emission standards with safe paints and finishes. You can be rest assured that they are safe for your baby while also having a nice modern aesthetic. Many of these convert to toddler beds, so they can be used for many years to come! If you're looking for even more options, check out our full roundup of non-toxic cribs.

$ Ikea Singular- Made of solid unfinished beech wood, this is a great budget alternative to cribs that are made with manufactured wood. We love the clean lines and classic look.

$ $ Babyletto Hudson Crib- A great crib that's a parent favorite for a reason. It converts into a toddler bed and has a nice modern look, and comes in 8 different colors

$ $ $ Oeuf Sparrow Crib- A stylish crib that will look great in any nursery. This crib is certified Greenguard Gold and has safe, non-toxic finishes.

$ $ $ $ Kalon Caravan Crib- This crib is crafted from solid maple and will add a touch of luxury to your nursery. Available unfinished or with a Greenguard certified finish.

Crib Mattress

With the amount of time babies spend sleeping, getting them a non-toxic, chemical free, safe mattress is definitely worth it. We have a full roundup of non-toxic, organic crib mattresses that are free of flame retardants and vinyl, and made with natural materials like cotton, wool, and latex foam.

$ Lullaby earth- A lightweight and breathable mattress that provides a safe sleeping space for your little one without polyurethane foam or harmful chemicals. Made Safe certified and Greenguard Gold certified.

$ $ Avocado- A great organic crib mattress that's Made Safe certified, Greenguard Gold certified, and uses materials like GOLS organic certified latex, and GOTS organic certified wool and cotton. We also love that Avocado is a Climate Neutral certified company!

$ $ $ Naturepedic- A favorite non-toxic crib mattress that is super breathable, firm, and comfortable. The mattress is Made Safe certified, Greenguard Gold certified, and made of GOTS certified cotton. They use a bioplastic made from non-GMO sugarcane to waterproof the top, so accidents are easy to take care of too!

Bassinets and Cosleepers

Since sleeping in the same room is officially recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics for at least the first 6 months to reduce SIDS risk, it's almost essential to have a bassinet nowadays. Some of these picks are also easy to move around the house so that baby always has somewhere safe to sleep. We also have two bonus picks that double as travel cribs! Check out the entire non-toxic bassinets and cosleepers roundup or pick one of our favorites below.

$ $ Halo Bassinest with Breathable replacement mattress- A gliding bassinet that makes it super easy to get in and out of bed while also having your baby close to you. The Halo bassinets are free of flame retardants and the replacement mattress is Greenguard Gold certified.

$ $ $ Babybay Bedside Sleeper- Made from solid beechwood, this bedside sleeper attaches to your bed for co-sleeping or you can turn it into a portable bassinet on wheels.

$ $ $ Babyletto Origami Mini Crib- This Greenguard Gold certified option folds and has wheels, allowing for easy storage and movement around the house. You can also lower the mattress height as your little one grows and use it as a mini crib.

Bonus picks- Bassinets that are also travel cribs! The Lotus Bassinet is super portable and can convert into a travel crib and playard. It is Greenguard Gold certified and free of flame retardants. A favorite with families that are on the go. The Nuna Sena Aire is also a super nice travel crib that has a bassinet setting. Easy to fold and store and turns into a playard or travel crib as they get older.

Crib Sheets

There are so many patterns, colors, and brands of baby bedding. These are some of our favorite brands for organic crib sheets. For organic cotton, we recommend purchasing products that carry a GOTS label, a certified textile standard. This standard covers the whole cotton production process (growing, processing, dyeing) all the way until the product reaches the store for you to buy! You can read more about organic cotton and whether or not it's worth it in our deep dive on organic cotton.

$ Burt's Bees- 100% GOTS certified organic cotton at an amazing price that comes in many cute patterns and solid colors.

$ $ Crate and Barrel- Has an amazing array of cute crib bedding themes from outer space, to ocean creatures, and flowers. They have a ton of 100% GOTS certified organic cotton options.

$ $ $ Coyuchi- Super smooth and soft crib sheets that are Made Safe certified, Fair Trade, and 100% GOTS certified organic cotton.

Swaddles

A swaddle is a must have for the first portion of a baby's life. You can use a swaddle cloth, but many parents like to have an option that doesn't involve learning fancy folding techniques! Plus having to swaddle in the middle of the night can be a lot quicker with these types of swaddles. These are three of our favorites in organic cotton that will keep those arms swaddled tight and help babies sleep.

$ Halo Swaddle Organic Cotton- This 3-way adjustable swaddle will keep your newborn secure and comfortable. Plus there are tons of cute designs to choose from!

$ SwaddleMe Original Organic Swaddle- Soft organic cotton swaddles that are machine washable. The velcro makes swaddling super quick!

$ $ Happiest Baby Sleepea Organic Cotton- Inner arm bands and leg flaps keep baby extra secure at night, while a mesh panel helps prevent overheating. The best choice for real escape artists.

Sleep Sacks

Once your kid grows out of a swaddle, they will sleep in a sleep sack, which is a lot safer and cozier than loose blankets. Here are our favorite cotton and wool sleep sacks, with options that will work in any climate.

$ Halo Sleepsack Organic Cotton- This sleep sack has plenty of room for babies to kick in their sleep and will keep your baby warm and secure!

$ Burt's Bee Organic Cotton Sleep sack- So many fun designs to choose from with these organic sleep sacks. Made from GOTS-certified organic cotton, these sleep sacks come in light and medium weight.

$ $ Castleware Sleeper Bag Organic Cotton- GOTS certified organic cotton means that baby will be comfortable and safe all night long. Comes in long sleeve and sleeveless versions.

$ $ $ Woolino Sleep sack- This cozy sleep sack is made from merino wool, which naturally regulates body temperature! This super durable and well-made sleep sack can be handed down to siblings or others.

Portable Crib

A portable crib is a must have for traveling or for storing at a caregivers place. Essential features of a travel crib include being lightweight, easy to set up and break down, easy to carry and transport, and free of flame retardants, vinyl, and other harmful chemicals. We have a full roundup of non-toxic portable cribs, but here are our top picks.

$ Joovy Room2- This roomy crib has 10 square feet of space, making it great for one busy baby or even twins!

$ $ Lotus Travel Crib- An airport-friendly storage backpack and lightweight design makes this crib the perfect companion for frequent travellers.

$ $ $ Babybjorn Travel Crib- A lightweight and easy to set up crib made from OEKO-TEX fabric.


3. Diapering

Diapers

Changing diapers is just a part of life with a baby. If cloth diapers work for your family, more power to you! But for many of us, disposable diapers are a more realistic option. When it comes to disposable diapers, we know that all parents want the best for their baby, especially since it's in direct contact with their skin 24/7. We evaluated all the environmental and health claims from diaper companies and looked at whether they were free of harmful and irritation ingredients. You can check out the entire diaper roundup, but these are our favorite options.

$ Earth and Eden- An affordable diaper option that is free from lotions, parabens, latex, fragrance, and chlorine bleaching.

$ Earth's Best- Another affordable diaper option that is dye free, fragrance free, and chlorine

$ $ Honest Company- Leak protection, cloud-like comfort, and superior prints make these diapers a winner.

$ $ Pampers Pure- Fragrance-free diapers without chlorine bleaching. A highly reviewed, dependable option.

$ $ $ Bambo Nature- These diapers are the first to be certified with the Nordic Swan Ecolabel, which makes them great for the environment and your little one.

$ $ $ Eco by Naty- Eco friendly diapers that reduce diaper rash and keep your baby nice and dry! These diapers are also certified OEKO-TEK 100.

Wipes

Having a wipe that can take care of messy blow outs and also be gentle enough to use on messy faces is a must have for parenting. Since wipes are wet but don't get rinsed off, you want a wipe without a harsh preservative or any unnecessary or irritating ingredients. That's why we researched and rounded up our favorite non-toxic baby wipes. Here are our top picks!

$ Up and Up fragrance free baby wipes- This affordable baby wipe is fragrance free and has simple ingredients. It contains Sodium Benzoate as a preservative (important to keep the wipe germ free) that is safer than parabens and less irritating than phenoxyethanol.

$ $ Seventh Generation free and clear wipes- This is a parent staple for a reason. Soft and thick with gentle ingredients. Also paraben free, and phenoxyethanol free.

$ $ $ ECO by Naty Babycare sensitive wipes- These wipes are truly compostable! The ingredients are simple and they are also paraben and phenoxyethanol free as well.

Diaper Cream

When your little one is in a diaper, diaper cream is a must. Wearing a diaper all day every day can irritate sensitive bottoms, which really hurts and can leave baby sad and fussy. We definitely don't want that! These diaper creams will help treat diaper rash and even prevent it before it starts.

$ Honest Company Diaper Rash Cream- A very popular option that contains zinc oxide and is super affordable.

$ $ Earthmama Organic Diaper Balm- Made with organic beeswax, shea butter and olive oil, many parents consider this a must have.

$ $ $ MotherLove Diaper Balm- A miracle worker that is safe and gentle enough to use preventatively, in addition to soothing existing irritation. Simple ingredients of olive oil, beeswax and a blend of soothing herbs.

Diaper Changing Pad

Most diaper changing pads are made from polyurethane foam, which can contain flame retardants. Moreover, many changing pads have a vinyl cover to make them waterproof. Waterproof is great, except that vinyl contains hormone disrupting phthalate chemicals. Here are three options that are both vinyl and polyurethane foam free.

$ Babyletto Contour Changing Pad- A truly great changing pad at an affordable price. Greenguard gold certified changing pad with a PVC-free waterproof cover. Polyester filling instead of polyurethane foam, and free of flame retardants.

$ $ Olli Ella Changing Basket- A beautiful simple changing basket made of seagrass. Throw in a cotton liner or a blanket for a super cozy spot to change diapers.

$ $ $ Naturepedic Changing Pad- The only organic cotton changing pad that is free of polyurethane foam and that is Greenguard certified. The cover is waterproof due to a food-grade bioplastic coating.

Diaper Pail

Many diaper pails rely on scented liners and scented pucks to help contain odors. Unfortunately, synthetic fragrances are a source of phthalates and VOCs and are unnecessary exposure for developing lungs. These are two steel diaper pails that you can use with a fragrance free bag of your choice.

$ Amazon Basics Stainless Steel- A stainless steel garbage can with a soft close lid that will double as a diaper pail. A great value.

$ $ Simple Human 30L Step Trash Can- A stainless steel garbage can that works really well as a diaper pail. As a bonus you can use this as a normal garage can after you potty train (good luck with that!). For odor control, use baking soda freezer packs at the bottom of the pail.

$ $ $ Ubbi Steel Diaper Pail- a sleek steel pail that is easy to use and keeps odors contained. You can use your own trash bags with this pail, so no need for proprietary liners, which helps keep costs down over time. For odor control, use baking soda freezer packs at the bottom of the pail.

4. Feeding

Baby Bottles

It's always good to have a baby bottle on hand even if you plan on breastfeeding. A lot of baby bottles you see on the market are made from plastic but unfortunately, plastic baby bottles leach chemicals into milk. Just because a bottle says that it is BPA free, does not mean it's free from endocrine disrupting chemicals- many BPA substitutes have been shown to have similar negative health impacts. Because of this, we suggest using glass or stainless steel bottles as these materials don't leach any chemicals into the milk. So choose one from our roundup of the best non-toxic baby bottles, or try several! Three choices that we particularly recommend are:

$ Dr. Brown's Natural Flow Narrow Glass Baby Bottle- This classic baby bottle is now available in glass! The vent helps with spitting up and burping and the nipple is easy to take for a lot of babies.

$ $ Philips AVENT Natural Glass Bottle- This wide nipple glass bottle is a favorite for babies and parents. The glass is thick and well made, which means it's protected from a drop (or throw!).

$ $ $ Pura Kiki Stainless Steel Bottle- This stainless steel bottle grows with your baby. You can buy a sippy cup or straw top that will make sure you get years of use out of this product. We love the idea of less waste and non-toxic!

Pacifier

A pacifier is a life saver for some babies. It's only natural that you want a pacifier made from safe materials because it's something that's in a baby's mouth all the time! Our pacifier picks are made of a single piece of silicone or natural rubber, which means there are no crevices for dirt and mold to hide and they're really easy to clean.

$ Phillips Avent Soothie- A standard pacifier for a reason. 100% silicone that is made from one piece.

$ Nuk Comfy Orthodontic Pacifier- 100% soft silicone in the classic Nuk shape that some babies just have to have.

$ $ $ Natursutten Natural Rubber Pacifier- This pacifier is made of natural rubber, which is softer than silicone and allergen-free.

High Chair

When your little one is ready for solids, you'll definitely be needing a high chair. It's worth registering for it now if you can, because those first few months will fly by. Before you know it, your baby will be ready to eat! These high chairs are safe and made to last, with no harmful chemicals like phthalates or BPA.

$ $ Stokke Clikk High Chair- This is a great looking high chair that is phthalate free, ergonomically designed, and has solid wood legs. You can use it with or without the included tray.

$ $ Keekaro Height Right High Chair - An adjustable wooden high chair that babies, toddlers, and kids can sit in. Safe and sturdy and easy to clean.

$ $ $ Stokke Tripp Trapp High Chair- This is the original Scandanavian adjustable chair that provides an ergonomic eating position from baby through big kid. You can adjust the height and depth of the seat and the footrest, and the solid wood means it's sturdy enough to last a lifetime.

Dishes and Utensils

Mealtime should be fun! And the first couple of months of proper meals are all about introducing babies to new tastes and textures. While it may be tempting to buy plastic or melamine plates and utensils, plastic additives (like BPA and phthalates) and melamine have been shown to leach into foods, so it's better to steer clear. Good thing there are so many great alternatives that are durable, cute, and easy to clean! You'll be enjoying mealtime before you know it.

Olababy Training Spoon- A great first spoon that's made from silicone and has a unique shape that encourages babies to learn the basics of feeding themselves. It's also shorter than a lot of baby spoons, which makes it easier for them to get food into their mouths!

Avanchy Bamboo Baby Bowl and Spoon- A natural bamboo bowl that sits on top of a suction silicone ring. Parents love this bowl for hassle-free feeding. The silicone ring detaches, making it easy to clean. The bamboo bowl also makes a good snack bowl without the silicone ring when baby outgrows it!

Ezpz mat- A placemat and bowl or divided plate in one! The great design makes mealtime fun for kids and is easy to use and clean for parents.

Bibs

We love bibs! Whether you have a newborn who's constantly spitting up or a baby who's learning to feed themselves, a bib is a crucial part of minimizing mess and maximizing sanity. But did you know that some bibs contain PFAS chemicals (Teflon like chemicals)? PFAS, sometimes known as forever chemicals, shouldn't be anywhere near a baby and they also aren't great for the environment. So instead, we recommend using either a thick cotton bibs or a silicone bib for those kids starting to eat.

$ Green Sprouts Stay-dry Bibs- These bibs are an affordable option with an absorbent cotton top and a polyurethane waterproof lining to keep your little one dry and clean. No Teflon needed.

$ $ Burt's Bees Baby Bibs- These organic cotton bibs have a knit terry backing to keep baby dry and clean. The unique shoulder style neckline means that there are no buttons or velcro to mess with (or fall apart). Plus it adds protection from spills and stains to a larger area.

$ $ $ Mushie Silicone Bib- These silicone bibs are great at protecting outfits during mealtimes and the pocket is great for catching all the food that would otherwise drop onto the floor. It's easy to clean and comes in so many cute colors and patterns!

Sippy Cup or Straw Water Bottle

It may seem like you're jumping the gun by adding a sippy cup or water bottle to your registry (is it too early to say "where has my baby gone"?), but babies actually start drinking water at 6 months. Ditch the plastic and check out these safer stainless steel and silicone options! We have an entire roundup of non toxic sippy cups and straw water bottles, but here are our favorites for babies just learning to drink.

$ $ Munchkin Miracle Stainless Steel 360 sippy cup or Cool cat stainless steel straw water bottle- These popular products by Munchkin now come in stainless steel! With a convenient no spill top or a cute straw top, these are both great options for learning how to drink water.

$ $ Ezpz training cup- This is a small silicone training cup that parents really love. It's a great way to get babies to learn how to drink from a real cup. It's only 2 oz, so even if they spill it's not a big deal.

$ $ $ Pura kiki sippy cup or straw water bottle- This stainless steel bottle grows with your baby. If you're using it as a baby bottle, all you need to do is buy the sippy cup or the straw top. We love the idea of less waste and non-toxic!


5. Playing

Bouncer or Swing

Having a safe spot to put your little one when you need a break from holding them is a lifesaver! That's why bouncers and swings are so popular with new parents. Unfortunately, many of the bouncers available not only overstimulate babies, but can also contain harmful chemicals like flame retardants. Here is our roundup of all the bouncers and swings without toxic chemicals. Our two favorite options are below:

$ $ $ BabyBjorn Bouncer Balance- This is a beloved bouncer by many new parents. Your baby's own movements cause this bouncer to gently move. The soft fabric supports baby's head and there are three reclining positions. It also folds flat, making it easy to store or bring for traveling.

$ $ $ 4moms mamaRoo 4- This bouncer and swing moves up and down and side to side in 5 different motions. It also comes with 4 different white noise options. Many parents swear this machine is a life saver!

Play Gym or Play Mat

Foam play mats are usually made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyurethane, or EVA. Unfortunately there are health issues with all three materials. While EVA is definitely a better option than PVC and is typically advertised as a healthier choice, it often tests positive for formamide, another toxic chemical. Even products that claim "formamide free" can have trace levels. That's why we recommend turning any quilt you already have into a DIY play area or one of these non-toxic options.

$ $ Wee Gallery Safari Play mat- This play mat has visually stimulating graphics that babies love and is made from organic cotton muslin and Oeko-tex polyester padding.

$ $ $ Lovevery- This play gym is much more than a play gym. It has sensory based learning activities included for every stage of development through the first year. From tummy time to sitting up play time, this will be fun and entertaining for your little one.

$ $ $ Toki mats- Most play mats are made with a petroleum based synthetic foam. Not this one! The Toki play mat is made from organic latex with a removable cotton cover and comes in adorable printed fabrics. This mat is perfect for tummy time and can be used as the floor of a play house when your little one grows up!

$ $ $ $ Lorena Canal round rugs- These are actually washable rugs, but we think they are great playmats too. They are made from cotton and don't have a synthetic backing or any harmful dyes. This rug is a great choice for any nursery or play area and will last for years.

Teether

Babies will put anything and everything in their mouths, which is why you should always have a non-toxic teether on standby! We love these teethers because they're made from safe materials like wood, stainless steel, and natural rubber.

$ Maple Teether- This teether is cut from a single piece of smooth maple hardwood and is incredibly durable.

$ $ Oli and Carol- These fun produce-shaped teethers (we're partial to the kale) are made from natural rubber and are designed without holes, which means bacteria and mold won't get trapped inside.

$ $ $ Kleyanimals Toy Keys- Babies love chewing on keys, so why not get them their own special set? These keys are made from stainless steel and won't expose your baby to harmful metal like lead that could be in your real house and car keys.


6. Bathing

Bath tub

You may be surprised to see plastic tubs on our list, but we think plastic is worth it here since it can save water, prevent accidents, and well made ones can be passed to another family. There are bath tubs made with safer plastics, such as polypropylene, and made without harmful additives like phthalates and BPA. Here are some that we suggest.

$ Boon Naked Collapsible Bathtub- A favorite for parents with small bathrooms, this tub collapses and has the support for infants and toddlers. This tub is made from polypropylene and is BPA and phthalate free.

$ $ Primo Eurobath- This polypropylene bath has supportive positions from newborn to toddlerhood and is a favorite with parents. It is one of the largest baby bathtubs so it will definitely last for a long time.

$ $ $ BEABA by Shnuggle Baby Bath Tub- This is a cozy compact bathtub that holds your baby securely in place. It doesn't require a lot of water and drains quickly.

Baby shampoo

While we don't advocate for using baby shampoo or soap every day, we definitely recommend having a gentle and non-irritating shampoo or soap without harsh preservatives or synthetic fragrances. Enjoy bath time knowing that you are using a safe and non-toxic baby shampoo and soap. We found the best non-toxic baby shampoo options that are widely available, loved by parents and babies alike, and do their job without any harsh chemicals or exorbitant prices. We've personally tested these on our kids and especially love these three.

$ Honest baby Shampoo and Body Wash- An affordable baby shampoo and soap that is tear-free and gentle. We recommend the fragrance free version, especially for babies under 6 months.

$ $ Babo Botanicals Sensitive Baby 2-in-1 Shampoo and Wash- A perfect all purpose soap that is really gentle. Especially great for any babies with eczema or rashes.

$ $ $ Earth Mama Sweet Orange Castile Baby Wash- A great all purpose castile soap with a foaming pump. Cleans without drying or irritation.


7. Clothing

Is there anything cuter than baby clothing? We get emotional just thinking about those impossibly small booties and animal-themed hats. But looks aren't the only important thing when picking out clothing for your little ones- fabric and manufacturing practices play a big role in keeping them protected from harmful chemicals. When choosing new clothing, look for natural fibers like cotton and linen. If you have the budget for organic cotton, we prefer cotton that has been certified organic and carries a GOTS label, a certified textile standard. This standard covers the whole cotton production process (growing, processing, dyeing) all the way until the product reaches the store for you to buy! Our favorite clothing brands come in a variety of price points and style options.

Organic Clothing Brands

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Spooky snacks are so fun, whether you're having a Halloween party or just want to make snack time special. But so many Halloween treats use artificial dyes and food colorings, are filled with refined sugars, and/or are highly processed with lots of unnecessary plastic packaging.

Today we're sharing our two favorite super easy Halloween spooky snacks. These healthier Halloween treats are really fun to make with kids or just because it's fun to get in the spooky spirit. Both of them use homemade edible googly eyes made from mini-marshmallows and mini chocolate chips. Try them out for your next snack time or for a fun holiday gathering!

Mummy Graham Crackers with Easy Googly Eyes

Ingredients

  • Graham Crackers
  • Hazelnut chocolate butter (like Nutella or Justin's) or sub almond butter, peanut butter, sunflower butter
  • Coconut strips
  • Mini-marshmallows
  • Mini chocolate chips

Instructions

  1. Spread hazelnut chocolate butter on a graham cracker.
  2. Add two marshmallows near the top edge of the graham cracker.
  3. Squish an upside down mini chocolate chip in the middle of the marshmallow.
  4. Arrange coconut strips to make the rest of the cracker look like a mummy.



Apple Monster Mouths with Easy Googly Eyes

Ingredients

  • Apple
  • Nut butter (almond butter, peanut butter, sunflower butter)
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Mini-marshmallows
  • Mini chocolate chips

Instructions

  1. Cut the apple into thick wedges. Then cut out a sliver on the outside of the slice for the mouth.
  2. Add nut butter into the cut out mouth.
  3. Arrange sunflower seeds to look like teeth.
  4. Add a dab of nut butter onto the sides of 2 marshmallow and slice on top of the slice for eyes
  5. Squish an upside down mini chocolate chip in the middle of the marshmallow.



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Artificial food colorings are everywhere in our daily lives. They show up in lots of foods that we eat daily, like cereals, and in lots of treats like candy and baked goods. You can even find them in places you wouldn't think to look, like tomato sauce, farmed salmon, and even pickles! They are found in so many of our foods, yet we do not think much about them. So what makes up these colors that stay bright even when heated and stored for long periods of time? Keep reading if you want to know more about what artificial food colorings (also known as artificial dyes) are made of and how they affect your health!

What are artificial food colorings and what are they made of?

First off, if we're not making a rainbow cake, why do we even need food coloring in the first place? Well, consumers prefer that the color of their food match its flavor. Sadly, a lot (up to 70%!!) of the foods Americans consume are highly processed and end up a different color than we'd expect them to be. A gray hotdog or khaki colored candy would throw us off and probably wouldn't be as appetizing, right?

While there are many natural food coloring options, many companies choose to go with artificial food colorings because they're cheaper. The FDA has approved seven artificial food colorings for consumption in the United States, but these colors can be mixed and matched to create many different shades. Here's the bad news: the majority of them are made out of petroleum and crude oil (1). Even though the final product is highly refined and is tested to not have any traces of petroleum, we really don't like the idea of consuming something made from crude oil!

Are artificial food colorings bad for my health?

The jury is still out. In 2008, the Center for Science in the Public Interest petitioned the FDA to ban artificial food colorings because of recent studies that found a small, but significant, negative effect of these substances on children's behavior (2). These substances were also found to be carcinogenic, cause hypersensitivity reactions, and instigate behavioral problems (3). These findings were largely controversial, and the FDA ruled that artificial food colorings could still be used in food products without the use of a warning label. But earlier this year, OEHHA published a study on the potential health effects of synthetic dyes in children and found that there is evidence that "indicates that synthetic food dyes are associated with adverse neurobehavioral outcomes in children" (4). This information is not new to the European Union though. Six years ago, studies conducted by British government also found a link between adverse neurobehavioral outcomes in children and artificial dyes. This prompted the British government to urge food companies to stop using artificial food dyes in their products, and for the European Union to pass a new law "requiring that any food that contained [artificial] dyes ... would have to put a warning notice on, warning consumers that the dyes might trigger hyperactivity" (5). This law effectively made artificial food coloring impossible to find in foods made and sold in the EU.

Should you avoid artificial food colorings?

Even though more research needs to be done to reach conclusive findings, the current evidence is not looking good for artificial food coloring. While we wait for the results of these studies, we can take proactive steps in protecting our health. It's been established that the food we consume plays a large role in our health and unhealthy, highly processed foods are some of the biggest sources of artificial food colorings. By removing these products from your diet, you can improve your overall health and reduce the amount of artificial food colorings you consume.

What to use intsead

However, if you find yourself baking two dozen cupcakes the night before a big bake sale or you toddler has requested a rainbow cake for their birthday and you have to use food coloring, make sure to use natural food coloring. Common natural food coloring can come from beets, carrots, saffron, turmeric, spinach, blueberries, and blackberries and do not have any negative health consequences. Plus, natural food coloring is becoming increasingly popular and they're really easy to find in stores! Here are some of our favorites:


Plant-Based Food Color Variety Pack by Supernatural

India Tree Nature's Colors Decorating Set

Suncore Foods – Premium Pink Pitaya Supercolor Powder

Suncore Foods – Premium Blue Butterfly Pea Supercolor Powder

References

  1. https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/resources/highschool/chemmatters/past-issues/2015-2016/october-2015/food-colorings.html
  2. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3441937/
  3. https://cspinet.org/resource/food-dyes-rainbow-risks
  4. https://oehha.ca.gov/risk-assessment/report/health...
  5. https://www.nhpr.org/2014-03-28/why-m-ms-are-made-...
Food

Better for You Halloween Candy

Tasty treats without the harmful ingredients!

Sure, Halloween costumes and decorations are fun, but we're really just after that tasty candy. Those perfectly portioned Halloween candy packages make a perfect mid-afternoon pick-me-up! But a lot of candy, especially in America, contain harmful ingredients like artificial colors, artificial flavors, and just odd chemicals like titanium dioxide (yes, the same titanium dioxide you see in sunscreen). That's why we found our favorite, better-for-you, Halloween candy! Yes, no candy is truly good for you (so much sugar...) but our picks only contain natural ingredients and colors, and taste amazing! Try some today!


Black Forest Organic Gummy Bears Candy

Unreal, Candy Coated Chocolate Crispy Quinoa Gems Bag

SMASHMALLOW Individually Wrapped Assorted Flavors

Little Secrets Dark Chocolate & Sea Salt Crispy Wafers

REESE'S Organic Milk Chocolate Peanut Butter Cups


Annie's Bunnies and Bats Fruit Snacks


Yum Earth Halloween Organic Candy Corn

Justin's Nut Butter Organic Mini Dark Chocolate Peanut Butter Cups

It feels like there's an endless list of things that parents need to do... all the daily stuff like meals and getting ready for school, and then there's the bigger stuff like making sure that your kids are nice to others and can cope with negative feelings. Have you ever wondered if talking to your kids about climate change is another thing we need to add to the list? As a parent, only you can make the decision about when you think it's appropriate to introduce the topic to your kids, but once you've made that decision, how do you talk about it? Where do you even begin, and what's age appropriate? Stick with us for a guide on how to talk to your kids about climate change and a list of the best resources for each age group.

Why Talk about Climate Change

According to the latest IPCC climate change report (1), the effects of climate change are already here. Even if we make drastic changes to our carbon emissions now, climate change will have negative impacts over the next several decades. Many families might already be feeling the impacts of climate change (fire season, hurricane season, and all the rest), and talking about climate change will help kids process what they are already experiencing. And for many other parents, they might want to introduce the topic before their kids hear about it from friends, at school, or in the media or news. Whenever you decide that you want to bring up the topic of climate change, it's important to try to explain the facts and remember that this is probably going to be an ongoing discussion and not just one conversation.

Age Appropriate Answers to the Question: "What is Climate Change?"

Our kids absorb much more than we often are aware of. They're basically little sponges! Even thought it may seem like kids wouldn't understand the nuanced details about something as complex as climate change, kids generally get a lot out of these conversations.

Our first tip is to stick to age appropriate facts with as little jargon as possible. If you don't know where to start, we drafted these sample scripts for different age groups that you can use below. You can alter the sample scripts below to your child's interest, level of understanding and curiosity, and add or subtract other concepts you'd like to introduce.

Ages 2-4: Just like we depend on the Earth for food and water, the way that we treat the Earth also matters. We are all connected. Some things that humans do can even cause the Earth to heat up. We call that climate change. Scientists are learning so much about it and what we can do to be nice to the Earth.

Ages 5-7: People's activities, like driving cars that use gasoline, or burning coal for energy to heat buildings, increase something called greenhouse gases in the sky. These act like a warm blanket between our planet and space. Over time scientists have shown that it is leading to the Earth's temperature getting warmer. This matters because the temperature affects our oceans, land, air, plants, animals, and humans. We all have an effect on one another. We can all make better choices to help take care of our earth by using less fossil fuels and by using only what we need.

Ages 8-12: The Earth's climate is warming up and scientists know that human activities that use fossil fuels like gasoline for cars or burning coal to heat our homes is contributing to climate change. When these fossil fuels are burned they create greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide and methane that trap in heat from the sun and create a sort of blanket around our earth, making it warmer. Scientists believe that these warmer temperatures are contributing to more bad weather, which can affect our crops, businesses, health, water resources, and wildlife. People can make better choices to help take care of our Earth by using less fossil fuels and by conserving or using only what we need.

Ages 13+: The Earth's climate changes over time. Sometimes it's hotter to times and it's colder. But changes from natural causes are usually gradual. Some human activities, like burning fossil fuels like gasoline and coal, are speeding things up. Burning fossil fuels increases greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, which trap more heat. As a result, the global climate is becoming warmer. Scientists believe that with global warming, we can expect more bad weather, like hurricanes, wildfires, drought, and floods. These bad weather patterns can affect our crops, economy, health, water resources, and wildlife. We can all work together, as a family and as a community to make better choices and decisions to fight climate change.

How To Continue the Conversation

After the initial explanation of what climate change is, there are several ways to continue the conversation. One of the first follow up conversations should focus on local impacts to make it relevant to your lives. Try something like, "Do you remember how there were some days where it was really really hot this summer that it was almost too hot to go outside?" or "Can you remember the last time it rained?"

The second way to continue the conversation is by spending time as a family outside. You don't have to go far! Even on a walk around the block, you can spend time noticing insects, plants, and the weather. Spending time outside with your kids and engaging their natural curiosity is a great way to learn about your local ecosystem. It is also a great way to learn about how people are dependent on nature and in turn, how people impact the environment. By cultivating a love of being outdoors in nature, it gives your kids a greater reason to want to take care of their environment.

Another important way to continue the conversation on climate change is to put the focus on people. It's very easy to talk about polar bears and other far off places, but it's just as important to start exploring concepts of equity and justice. The impacts of climate change exacerbate existing health and social inequities, so low-income communities and communities of color are disproportionately affected (2). Putting the focus on people, friends, communities, and our interconnectedness is a great lens for inspiring much needed action.

Lastly, it's important to find a support network to help continue the conversation. This can be friends and other family members, neighbors, a community group, or your schools. Whether it's a nature walk with friends or learning how to compost with your neighbors, getting your kids involved is a great way to increase their understanding about climate change. You can also look up local and state environmental groups and get involved locally. This is a great way to find other families with similar interests. And lastly, ask your schools about how they integrate climate change into their curriculum. There are a lot of resources listed below that you can forward to your kids' educators.

Resources for How to Talk to Your Kids about Climate Change


References

  1. https://www.ipcc.ch/assessment-report/ar6/
  2. https://www.apha.org/-/media/files/pdf/topics/clim...
Life

Shopping For Costumes? Keep an Eye Out for These Toxics in Kids Costumes

When it comes to a kid's dress up, costumes can disguise more than a child!

Imagination is a huge part of a child's development and dressing up in costumes can help foster creativity. Whether it's Halloween or year round dinosaur or princess costume, kids love costumes! However, before you purchase your next costume, you might want to know about some harmful materials that are often present in commercially available costumes. You might be wondering how toxic substances are even allowed in kids costumes, or already thinking about what to look for instead. We've got you covered from which toxic substances to avoid, to costume ideas that won't spoil the fun but will keep your kids safe!
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Food

Canned Coffee is Convenient, But What About BPA?

Why they should be a treat instead of part of your daily routine

Now that we're all working from home, it's easy to get bored of our everyday homemade coffee routine. Sometimes we just want something different to wake us up in the morning or even a quick pick me up in the afternoon! That's where canned coffee comes into play. It's quick, convenient, and comes in a ton of flavors. But that convenience might come at a cost; there's been concerns surrounding the use of BPA in the lining of canned products. So, does canned coffee pose a risk to health? We looked at the research to find out.

The Problem With BPA in Cans

BPA, or bisphenol A, is a synthetic chemical that acts like estrogen in our bodies and it has been known to screw with important hormones like testosterone and thyroid hormones. Some of the common health problems associated with BPA include breast cancer, reduced sperm production, obesity, reproductive issues, disruption of brain development and function, and damaging effects to the liver (1). To make matters worse, there is more and more scientific evidence that even very low doses of BPA exposure can be harmful, especially for pregnant women and babies. Low doses of BPA exposure have been tied to abnormal liver function, chronic inflammation of the prostate, cysts on the thyroid and pituitary gland, and many more serious health effects during the early stages of life (5).

Even though BPA is definitely not a chemical we want to be exposed to, it's found basically everywhere, including our food. One common place to find BPA is the internal lining of canned foods or beverages. BPA can help prevent corrosion between the metal and the food or drink inside a can, but over time (or if stored under the wrong conditions like high temperatures), it can start to leach out and get into the food or drink (2). Even cans that say BPA free can have nasty BPA alternatives that have been shown to have similar hormone disrupting effects (7).

Studies have shown that canned soft drinks, beers, and energy drinks all had small traces of BPA in them. Beer was found with the highest concentration of BPA, followed by energy drinks. Soft drinks were found to have the lowest concentration of BPA. In order to find out where BPA in these drinks was coming from, researchers compared the canned drinks to the same drinks packaged in glass bottles. They found very little to no traces of BPA in the glass bottled drinks, which means that the source of BPA in the canned drinks was definitely coming from the cans themselves (2,3,4).

Even if there are only small traces of leachable BPA, it can still be harmful if we are consuming canned products on a regular basis.

Is Canned Coffee Safe?

With the recent increase in popularity of cold brew and other canned coffee drinks, there have not been extensive studies on BPA levels in canned coffee. However, one study of canned coffee drinks in Asia, where they have been popular for longer, did find that BPA was leaching into the coffee from the can. Interestingly, they also found that the more caffeine was in the coffee, the more BPA leached from the can into the drink. Meaning the more caffeine, the more BPA! (4,6) Now before you think you can get away with only drinking decaf canned coffee, keep in mind that caffeine only increases the leaching from the can, but it can still happen without it (6).

Even though the levels of BPA found in canned coffee were relatively small, because BPA is all around us in so many common products, we should try to limit our exposure as much as we can. This means that it's probably okay to drink a canned coffee every once in a while, but best practice is to not drink them every day. But if you're in the middle of a road trip and are desperate for some energy, don't get too stressed about grabbing a canned coffee!

Canned Coffee Alternatives

If you're starting to get worried about what coffee to buy when you're out and about or when you want something more than just plain coffee, don't stress! We thought of some easy and fun alternatives for your canned coffee fix that might make you forget all about it!

  1. Swap out the canned coffee for coffee in a glass bottle or tetrapaks whenever possible.
  2. Find some fun new ways to make coffee at home like using a Chemex or a nice French press!
  3. Go get a coffee at your local coffee shop. Support small businesses if you can!
  4. If you like canned coffee because of the flavors, try making your own caramel or mocha sauce at home. It's pretty easy and it saves money! For something icy and refreshing, we are partial to muddling some fresh mint with some cold brew.


References

vom Saal, F. S., & Vandenberg, L. N. (2021). Update on the Health Effects of Bisphenol A: Overwhelming Evidence of Harm. Endocrinology, 162(bqaa171). https://doi.org/10.1210/endocr/bqaa171 (1)

Cao, X.-L., Corriveau, J., & Popovic, S. (2010). Sources of Low Concentrations of Bisphenol A in Canned Beverage Products. Journal of Food Protection, 73(8), 1548–1551. https://doi.org/10.4315/0362-028X-73.8.1548 (2)

Determination of BPA, BPB, BPF, BADGE and BFDGE in canned energy drinks by molecularly imprinted polymer cleaning up and UPLC with fluorescence detection. (2017). Food Chemistry, 220, 406–412. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2016.10.005 (3)

Kang, J.-H., & Kondo, F. (2002). Bisphenol A migration from cans containing coffee and caffeine. Food Additives and Contaminants, 19(9), 886–890. https://doi.org/10.1080/02652030210147278 (4)

Prins, G. S., Patisaul, H. B., Belcher, S. M., & Vandenberg, L. N. (2019). CLARITY-BPA academic laboratory studies identify consistent low-dose Bisphenol A effects on multiple organ systems. Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, 125(S3), 14–31. https://doi.org/10.1111/bcpt.13125 (5)

Kang, J.-H., & Kondo, F. (2002). Bisphenol A migration from cans containing coffee and caffeine. Food Additives and Contaminants, 19(9), 886–890. https://doi.org/10.1080/02652030210147278 (6)

Pelch, K., Wignall, J. A., Goldstone, A. E., Ross, P. K., Blain, R. B., Shapiro, A. J., Holmgren, S. D., Hsieh, J.-H., Svoboda, D., Auerbach, S. S., Parham, F. M., Masten, S. A., Walker, V., Rooney, A., & Thayer, K. A. (2019). A scoping review of the health and toxicological activity of bisphenol A (BPA) structural analogues and functional alternatives. Toxicology, 424, 152235. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tox.2019.06.006 (7)

Life

What is Climate Justice?

Everything you need to know

We know that the effects of climate change are happening, but we often don't see these effects in our own country. Or when something does impact us, our country has the wealth and resources to fix the problem. However, climate change usually impacts poor and marginalized countries with more frequency and with greater impact.

This is where the climate justice movement comes in - read on for more information about this important topic and for ways you can help!

What does climate justice mean?

You may have come across the term when you were reading about climate change, or when you heard a speech from Greta Thunberg, or even when you were learning how to speak to your children about climate change.

In short, "climate justice" is a term with an associated social campaign that acknowledges climate change can have differing social, economic, public health, and other adverse impacts on underprivileged populations. These at-risk underprivileged populations (and nations) are not as equipped as wealthier populations (and nations) to adapt to the rapidly changing climate and the catastrophic events it brings.

The movement aims to frame the climate crisis through a social, human rights lens. The ultimate goal is to shift the discourse from greenhouse gas emissions, numeric temperatures, and melted ice caps to that of a civil rights movement. Once you look for it, connecting the dots between civil rights and climate change are easy to see.

The climate justice movement shines light on the notion that the worst impacts of climate change will not be shouldered equally or fairly. There are specific communities and populations that are likely at the highest risk, and it is often these communities that are the least able to adapt to the environmental change. The way to do this is through what's known as a "just transition"

The just transition is "a vision-led, unifying and place-based set of principles, processes, and practices that build economic and political power to shift from an extractive economy to a regenerative economy (1)." The just transition means managing both the positive and negative social and employment implications of climate action across the whole economy. It means thinking ahead and involving both developed and developing countries, and focusing attention on the decentralization of energy systems, and the need to prioritize marginalised communities.

Which populations will be hit the hardest?

As a United Nations article describes it: "The impacts of climate change will not be borne equally or fairly, between rich and poor, women and men, and older and younger generations (2)."

For certain communities and populations, the climate crisis will exacerbate inequitable social conditions. Here are a few examples:

  • Communities of color are at more risk for air pollution. Many toxic facilities, like coal-fire plansIn the United States, race is the number one indicator for the placement of toxic facilities hit by climate change (3,4).
  • Senior citizens and those with disabilities may have a difficult time living through periods of severe heat (and would be at a disadvantage evacuating from major storms or fires) (5).
  • Women are more vulnerable than men globally due to economic, social, and cultural disparities (6). Seventy per cent of the 1.3 billion people living in conditions of poverty are women, including in many communities dependent on local natural resources for their livelihood. And worse, women in these populations are less involved in decision-making at the community level, which means they are unable to voice their needs to adapt to the hardships that climate change brings.
  • The economically disadvantaged are at extreme risk:
    • Those living in subsidized housing may have more trouble with floods as the subsidized housing is often located in a flood plain (7).
    • It has also been shown that inequality can grow in the aftermath of hurricanes, disregarding the poor and powerless communities (8).
  • Globally, the warming of the planet by 2˚C (we're above 1˚C already) would put communities around the world that depend who depend on agriculture, fishing, forestry and conservation - which includes over half of Africa's population - at risk of undernourishment (9).

The Global Climate Risk Index developed by Germanwatch quantifies the impacts of extreme weather events – both in terms of the fatalities as well as the economic losses that occurred. Eight out of the ten countries most affected by the quantified impacts of extreme weather events in 2019 belong to the low- to lower-middle income category (10).

So, what can we do to help?

Organizations working on solutions to these issues

The first way to help is to spread the word. Educating yourself on these issues and talking to others about them can go a long way.

Another simple way to help is by donating (money or your volunteer time) to some of the fantastic organizations working for climate justice solution:

  1. The Climate Justice Alliance works to bring race, gender, and class considerations to the center of the climate action discussion. You can join them in many different ways: donate, host a party or dinner to support them, volunteer time, or even find a career with them!
  2. The NAACP is working to fight environmental injustice as well. You can donate or roll up your sleeves and join a local NAACP unit.
  3. Climate Generation is a nonprofit dedicated to climate change education and innovative climate change solutions through youth leadership and community engagement. You can donate, host a workshop, teach students about climate change, or attend one of their fundraising events.
  4. Solar Sister invests in women's clean energy businesses in off-grid communities in Africa. You can donate to them as a monthly supporter, invest in a specific entrepreneur, or even join the team.
  5. Greta Thunberg's Fridays For Future organization seeks to combat the lack of action on the climate crisis in general. You can connect with other climate activists throughout the world to join those striking for climate action.


References

  1. https://climatejusticealliance.org/just-transition/
  2. https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/blog/2019/05/climate-justice/
  3. https://naacp.org/know-issues/environmental-climate-justice
  4. https://www.lung.org/clean-air/outdoors/who-is-at-risk/disparities
  5. https://yaleclimateconnections.org/2019/09/how-extreme-weather-threatens-people-with-disabilities/
  6. https://www.un.org/en/chronicle/article/womenin-shadow-climate-change
  7. https://furmancenter.org/files/NYUFurmanCenter_HousingInTheFloodplain_May2017.pdf
  8. https://yaleclimateconnections.org/2020/07/how-inequality-grows-in-the-aftermath-of-hurricanes/
  9. https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/blog/2019/05/climate-justice/
  10. https://germanwatch.org/sites/germanwatch.org/files/Global%20Climate%20Risk%20Index%202021_1.pdf
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