The Essential Non-Toxic Baby Registry List

Everything you'll actually use, all with safer materials and no harmful chemicals

First off, congratulations! Having a little one on the way is so exciting. If you're like us, one of the first questions you had once you found out you were expecting was "what do I need to get before the baby arrives?!" A quick google search can result in thousands of product recommendations, hours of stressful research, and an overwhelming sense of unpreparedness.

But shake off all those stressful feelings because we're here to help! We know everyone wants their babies to come home to a safe and healthy environment, so we created the ultimate checklist for non-toxic baby products. Our guide has everything you need- whether you're shopping for yourself, curating a baby registry, or buying items for a friend or family member.

Why Non Toxic?

So, what does "non toxic" mean and why is it important when it comes to products for your little one? We're glad you asked. New chemicals are constantly being created and added to consumer products. Unfortunately, many of these chemicals are not well studied and oftentimes have unintended health impacts like cancer, hormone disruption, and developmental issues. Even though you'd think there would be extra safety regulations in place for baby products, many of these items still contain ingredients and materials that can irritate and impact a baby's sensitive body. Chemicals that cause hormone disruption are also especially bad for babies, since the first few years of life are such a critical time for development.

During our research, we carefully looked at the ingredient or material list for each product. If we were ever unsure about a product or ingredient, we reached out to the manufacturers directly to ask questions. In order to make our registry, recommendations can't contain harmful chemicals that are common in many popular products. Chemicals and materials we avoid because of their known negative health impacts include chemical flame retardants, synthetic fragrances, PVC (phthalates), PFAS (like Teflon), pesticides, heavy metals (like lead), bisphenols like BPA, unnecessary plastic waste and microplastics.

Because Health's Non-Toxic Baby Registry Recommendations

We've divided our recommendations into 7 main categories: on the go, sleeping, diapering, feeding, bathing, playing, and wearing. Each item is carefully selected with function, reviews, and usability in mind as well. We know all these purchases can quickly add up so we included products in a range of price points, from inexpensive ($) to moderate ($) to splurge-worthy finds ($).

1. On the Go

Car seat

If there is only one thing you absolutely need before the baby comes, it's a car seat! Seriously they won't let you go home without one, so make sure to have one ready to go. We have a recommended list of all the infant and convertible car seats available without chemical flame retardants, but if you are looking for some quick recommendations, here are our picks.

$ $ Maxi-Cosi Mico 30 Infant Car Seat- This car seat features a self-wicking, wool-free fabric without flame retardant chemicals. We love how easy to carry this car seat is and the comfortable padding it provides for babies.

$ $ $ Uppababy Mesa in Henry and Jordan- The first car seat to pass federal safety standards without chemical flame retardants. The Henry and Jordan fabrics use the natural wicking properties of Merino wool to help regulate temperature. Bonus it's also naturally flame resistant!

$ $ $ Nuna Pipa Lite- Not only is this car seat free of flame retardants, but it is Greenguard Gold certified, meaning that it's tested for low VOC and chemical emissions. It is also the lightest infant car seat on the market and has tons of safety features.

$ $ $ Britax One4Life in Safewash fabrics- If you only want to buy one car seat EVER, from rear facing infant through big kid high back booster, then this is the one for you. The SafeWash fabric is flame retardant free and machine washable!


Whether you're going for a leisurely walk with your little one or out running errands, a good stroller is key. We looked for strollers that are free of flame retardants, phthalates, and PFAS. Many strollers are coated in PFAS like chemicals (Teflon) for their stain resistant and easy to clean properties, but generally though time these coatings wear off. Plus the fabrics used in strollers are generally easy to clean even without the chemical treatment. So we really don't think PFAS chemicals are necessary or safe to have around babies.

$ $ $ Babyzen Yoyo2- A super compact, folding stroller that's really convenient for travel and everyday use. Free of flame retardants and PFAS.

$ $ $ Bumbleride Indie- An All terrain stroller that is a must if your walks take you on gravel or dirt paths. Bumbleride has the best environmental and health criteria of all stroller companies. Their strollers are free of PFAS chemicals, made with recycled plastics (even some ocean plastic!), and all fabrics are OEKO-TEX Standard 10 tested.

$ $ $ Bumbleride Era- A compact urban stroller from a company with impeccable environmental and health criteria. It has a reversible seat, which is great for infants, and a long seat, which is great for toddlers! Free of PFAS chemicals, made with recycled plastics (including some ocean plastic!), and all fabrics are OEKO-TEX Standard 10 tested.

$ $ $ $ Bugaboo Fox2- This stroller is a luxury pick but it's incredibly lightweight, adjustable, and super convenient. The standing one piece fold is definitely a hit with new parents. All fabrics are OEKO-TEX® Standard 100 tested, and it's free of flame retardants and PFAS.

Wrap Style Carrier

A baby wrap is a nice snuggly way to wear your baby. We love using these wrap style carriers during the first couple of months when babies need to be held around the clock.

$ $ Baby K'tan- This wrap is made with GOTS certified organic cotton and doesn't require you to do the wrapping yourself. It comes in multiple sizes and can be used for a variety of carrying positions!

$ $ Solly Baby- A favorite for warm weather, this breathable one-size-fits-all wrap is made from 100% plant based Lenzing modal. Comes in so many cute colors and patterns.

Soft Structured Baby Carrier

A soft-structured baby carrier has buckles and is a good choice for easy baby wearing. Soft structured carriers generally offer good support, so they can be especially useful when babies are bigger and heavier. Many also have an outward facing option for when your little one wants to see everything that's going on!

$ $ Babybjorn Baby Carrier Mini- This is a great compact carrier that allows your baby to face either in and out. All fabrics meet OEKO-TEX standard 100.

$ $ Beco Gemini Organic Baby Carrier- This is a sleek carrier that has great back support and is made with organic cotton.

$ $ $ Baby Bjorn Carrier One- This is a classic baby carrier that allows you to carry facing in, facing out, and on your back. It's more supportive than the Mini version, so you can carry your baby with more back support as they get bigger and heavier! All fabrics meet OEKO-TEX standard 100.

2. Sleeping


We made sure all of these cribs are Greenguard Gold certified, meaning they've been tested and meet stringent chemical and VOC emission standards with safe paints and finishes. You can be rest assured that they are safe for your baby while also having a nice modern aesthetic. Many of these convert to toddler beds, so they can be used for many years to come! If you're looking for even more options, check out our full roundup of non-toxic cribs.

$ Ikea Singular- Made of solid unfinished beech wood, this is a great budget alternative to cribs that are made with manufactured wood. We love the clean lines and classic look.

$ $ Babyletto Hudson Crib- A great crib that's a parent favorite for a reason. It converts into a toddler bed and has a nice modern look, and comes in 8 different colors

$ $ $ Oeuf Sparrow Crib- A stylish crib that will look great in any nursery. This crib is certified Greenguard Gold and has safe, non-toxic finishes.

$ $ $ $ Kalon Caravan Crib- This crib is crafted from solid maple and will add a touch of luxury to your nursery. Available unfinished or with a Greenguard certified finish.

Crib Mattress

With the amount of time babies spend sleeping, getting them a non-toxic, chemical free, safe mattress is definitely worth it. We have a full roundup of non-toxic, organic crib mattresses that are free of flame retardants and vinyl, and made with natural materials like cotton, wool, and latex foam.

$ Lullaby earth- A lightweight and breathable mattress that provides a safe sleeping space for your little one without polyurethane foam or harmful chemicals. Made Safe certified and Greenguard Gold certified.

$ $ Avocado- A great organic crib mattress that's Made Safe certified, Greenguard Gold certified, and uses materials like GOLS organic certified latex, and GOTS organic certified wool and cotton. We also love that Avocado is a Climate Neutral certified company!

$ $ $ Naturepedic- A favorite non-toxic crib mattress that is super breathable, firm, and comfortable. The mattress is Made Safe certified, Greenguard Gold certified, and made of GOTS certified cotton. They use a bioplastic made from non-GMO sugarcane to waterproof the top, so accidents are easy to take care of too!

Bassinets and Cosleepers

Since sleeping in the same room is officially recommended by the American Academy of Pediatrics for at least the first 6 months to reduce SIDS risk, it's almost essential to have a bassinet nowadays. Some of these picks are also easy to move around the house so that baby always has somewhere safe to sleep. We also have two bonus picks that double as travel cribs! Check out the entire non-toxic bassinets and cosleepers roundup or pick one of our favorites below.

$ $ Halo Bassinest with Breathable replacement mattress- A gliding bassinet that makes it super easy to get in and out of bed while also having your baby close to you. The Halo bassinets are free of flame retardants and the replacement mattress is Greenguard Gold certified.

$ $ $ Babybay Bedside Sleeper- Made from solid beechwood, this bedside sleeper attaches to your bed for co-sleeping or you can turn it into a portable bassinet on wheels.

$ $ $ Babyletto Origami Mini Crib- This Greenguard Gold certified option folds and has wheels, allowing for easy storage and movement around the house. You can also lower the mattress height as your little one grows and use it as a mini crib.

Bonus picks- Bassinets that are also travel cribs! The Lotus Bassinet is super portable and can convert into a travel crib and playard. It is Greenguard Gold certified and free of flame retardants. A favorite with families that are on the go. The Nuna Sena Aire is also a super nice travel crib that has a bassinet setting. Easy to fold and store and turns into a playard or travel crib as they get older.

Crib Sheets

There are so many patterns, colors, and brands of baby bedding. These are some of our favorite brands for organic crib sheets. For organic cotton, we recommend purchasing products that carry a GOTS label, a certified textile standard. This standard covers the whole cotton production process (growing, processing, dyeing) all the way until the product reaches the store for you to buy! You can read more about organic cotton and whether or not it's worth it in our deep dive on organic cotton.

$ Burt's Bees- 100% GOTS certified organic cotton at an amazing price that comes in many cute patterns and solid colors.

$ $ Crate and Barrel- Has an amazing array of cute crib bedding themes from outer space, to ocean creatures, and flowers. They have a ton of 100% GOTS certified organic cotton options.

$ $ $ Coyuchi- Super smooth and soft crib sheets that are Made Safe certified, Fair Trade, and 100% GOTS certified organic cotton.


A swaddle is a must have for the first portion of a baby's life. You can use a swaddle cloth, but many parents like to have an option that doesn't involve learning fancy folding techniques! Plus having to swaddle in the middle of the night can be a lot quicker with these types of swaddles. These are three of our favorites in organic cotton that will keep those arms swaddled tight and help babies sleep.

$ Halo Swaddle Organic Cotton- This 3-way adjustable swaddle will keep your newborn secure and comfortable. Plus there are tons of cute designs to choose from!

$ SwaddleMe Original Organic Swaddle- Soft organic cotton swaddles that are machine washable. The velcro makes swaddling super quick!

$ $ Happiest Baby Sleepea Organic Cotton- Inner arm bands and leg flaps keep baby extra secure at night, while a mesh panel helps prevent overheating. The best choice for real escape artists.

Sleep Sacks

Once your kid grows out of a swaddle, they will sleep in a sleep sack, which is a lot safer and cozier than loose blankets. Here are our favorite cotton and wool sleep sacks, with options that will work in any climate.

$ Halo Sleepsack Organic Cotton- This sleep sack has plenty of room for babies to kick in their sleep and will keep your baby warm and secure!

$ Burt's Bee Organic Cotton Sleep sack- So many fun designs to choose from with these organic sleep sacks. Made from GOTS-certified organic cotton, these sleep sacks come in light and medium weight.

$ $ Castleware Sleeper Bag Organic Cotton- GOTS certified organic cotton means that baby will be comfortable and safe all night long. Comes in long sleeve and sleeveless versions.

$ $ $ Woolino Sleep sack- This cozy sleep sack is made from merino wool, which naturally regulates body temperature! This super durable and well-made sleep sack can be handed down to siblings or others.

Portable Crib

A portable crib is a must have for traveling or for storing at a caregivers place. Essential features of a travel crib include being lightweight, easy to set up and break down, easy to carry and transport, and free of flame retardants, vinyl, and other harmful chemicals. We have a full roundup of non-toxic portable cribs, but here are our top picks.

$ Joovy Room2- This roomy crib has 10 square feet of space, making it great for one busy baby or even twins!

$ $ Lotus Travel Crib- An airport-friendly storage backpack and lightweight design makes this crib the perfect companion for frequent travellers.

$ $ $ Babybjorn Travel Crib- A lightweight and easy to set up crib made from OEKO-TEX fabric.

3. Diapering


Changing diapers is just a part of life with a baby. If cloth diapers work for your family, more power to you! But for many of us, disposable diapers are a more realistic option. When it comes to disposable diapers, we know that all parents want the best for their baby, especially since it's in direct contact with their skin 24/7. We evaluated all the environmental and health claims from diaper companies and looked at whether they were free of harmful and irritation ingredients. You can check out the entire diaper roundup, but these are our favorite options.

$ Earth and Eden- An affordable diaper option that is free from lotions, parabens, latex, fragrance, and chlorine bleaching.

$ Earth's Best- Another affordable diaper option that is dye free, fragrance free, and chlorine

$ $ Honest Company- Leak protection, cloud-like comfort, and superior prints make these diapers a winner.

$ $ Pampers Pure- Fragrance-free diapers without chlorine bleaching. A highly reviewed, dependable option.

$ $ $ Bambo Nature- These diapers are the first to be certified with the Nordic Swan Ecolabel, which makes them great for the environment and your little one.

$ $ $ Eco by Naty- Eco friendly diapers that reduce diaper rash and keep your baby nice and dry! These diapers are also certified OEKO-TEK 100.


Having a wipe that can take care of messy blow outs and also be gentle enough to use on messy faces is a must have for parenting. Since wipes are wet but don't get rinsed off, you want a wipe without a harsh preservative or any unnecessary or irritating ingredients. That's why we researched and rounded up our favorite non-toxic baby wipes. Here are our top picks!

$ Up and Up fragrance free baby wipes- This affordable baby wipe is fragrance free and has simple ingredients. It contains Sodium Benzoate as a preservative (important to keep the wipe germ free) that is safer than parabens and less irritating than phenoxyethanol.

$ $ Seventh Generation free and clear wipes- This is a parent staple for a reason. Soft and thick with gentle ingredients. Also paraben free, and phenoxyethanol free.

$ $ $ ECO by Naty Babycare sensitive wipes- These wipes are truly compostable! The ingredients are simple and they are also paraben and phenoxyethanol free as well.

Diaper Cream

When your little one is in a diaper, diaper cream is a must. Wearing a diaper all day every day can irritate sensitive bottoms, which really hurts and can leave baby sad and fussy. We definitely don't want that! These diaper creams will help treat diaper rash and even prevent it before it starts.

$ Honest Company Diaper Rash Cream- A very popular option that contains zinc oxide and is super affordable.

$ $ Earthmama Organic Diaper Balm- Made with organic beeswax, shea butter and olive oil, many parents consider this a must have.

$ $ $ MotherLove Diaper Balm- A miracle worker that is safe and gentle enough to use preventatively, in addition to soothing existing irritation. Simple ingredients of olive oil, beeswax and a blend of soothing herbs.

Diaper Changing Pad

Most diaper changing pads are made from polyurethane foam, which can contain flame retardants. Moreover, many changing pads have a vinyl cover to make them waterproof. Waterproof is great, except that vinyl contains hormone disrupting phthalate chemicals. Here are three options that are both vinyl and polyurethane foam free.

$ Babyletto Contour Changing Pad- A truly great changing pad at an affordable price. Greenguard gold certified changing pad with a PVC-free waterproof cover. Polyester filling instead of polyurethane foam, and free of flame retardants.

$ $ Olli Ella Changing Basket- A beautiful simple changing basket made of seagrass. Throw in a cotton liner or a blanket for a super cozy spot to change diapers.

$ $ $ Naturepedic Changing Pad- The only organic cotton changing pad that is free of polyurethane foam and that is Greenguard certified. The cover is waterproof due to a food-grade bioplastic coating.

Diaper Pail

Many diaper pails rely on scented liners and scented pucks to help contain odors. Unfortunately, synthetic fragrances are a source of phthalates and VOCs and are unnecessary exposure for developing lungs. These are two steel diaper pails that you can use with a fragrance free bag of your choice.

$ Amazon Basics Stainless Steel- A stainless steel garbage can with a soft close lid that will double as a diaper pail. A great value.

$ $ Simple Human 30L Step Trash Can- A stainless steel garbage can that works really well as a diaper pail. As a bonus you can use this as a normal garage can after you potty train (good luck with that!). For odor control, use baking soda freezer packs at the bottom of the pail.

$ $ $ Ubbi Steel Diaper Pail- a sleek steel pail that is easy to use and keeps odors contained. You can use your own trash bags with this pail, so no need for proprietary liners, which helps keep costs down over time. For odor control, use baking soda freezer packs at the bottom of the pail.

4. Feeding

Baby Bottles

It's always good to have a baby bottle on hand even if you plan on breastfeeding. A lot of baby bottles you see on the market are made from plastic but unfortunately, plastic baby bottles leach chemicals into milk. Just because a bottle says that it is BPA free, does not mean it's free from endocrine disrupting chemicals- many BPA substitutes have been shown to have similar negative health impacts. Because of this, we suggest using glass or stainless steel bottles as these materials don't leach any chemicals into the milk. So choose one from our roundup of the best non-toxic baby bottles, or try several! Three choices that we particularly recommend are:

$ Dr. Brown's Natural Flow Narrow Glass Baby Bottle- This classic baby bottle is now available in glass! The vent helps with spitting up and burping and the nipple is easy to take for a lot of babies.

$ $ Philips AVENT Natural Glass Bottle- This wide nipple glass bottle is a favorite for babies and parents. The glass is thick and well made, which means it's protected from a drop (or throw!).

$ $ $ Pura Kiki Stainless Steel Bottle- This stainless steel bottle grows with your baby. You can buy a sippy cup or straw top that will make sure you get years of use out of this product. We love the idea of less waste and non-toxic!


A pacifier is a life saver for some babies. It's only natural that you want a pacifier made from safe materials because it's something that's in a baby's mouth all the time! Our pacifier picks are made of a single piece of silicone or natural rubber, which means there are no crevices for dirt and mold to hide and they're really easy to clean.

$ Phillips Avent Soothie- A standard pacifier for a reason. 100% silicone that is made from one piece.

$ Nuk Comfy Orthodontic Pacifier- 100% soft silicone in the classic Nuk shape that some babies just have to have.

$ $ $ Natursutten Natural Rubber Pacifier- This pacifier is made of natural rubber, which is softer than silicone and allergen-free.

High Chair

When your little one is ready for solids, you'll definitely be needing a high chair. It's worth registering for it now if you can, because those first few months will fly by. Before you know it, your baby will be ready to eat! These high chairs are safe and made to last, with no harmful chemicals like phthalates or BPA.

$ $ Stokke Clikk High Chair- This is a great looking high chair that is phthalate free, ergonomically designed, and has solid wood legs. You can use it with or without the included tray.

$ $ Keekaro Height Right High Chair - An adjustable wooden high chair that babies, toddlers, and kids can sit in. Safe and sturdy and easy to clean.

$ $ $ Stokke Tripp Trapp High Chair- This is the original Scandanavian adjustable chair that provides an ergonomic eating position from baby through big kid. You can adjust the height and depth of the seat and the footrest, and the solid wood means it's sturdy enough to last a lifetime.

Dishes and Utensils

Mealtime should be fun! And the first couple of months of proper meals are all about introducing babies to new tastes and textures. While it may be tempting to buy plastic or melamine plates and utensils, plastic additives (like BPA and phthalates) and melamine have been shown to leach into foods, so it's better to steer clear. Good thing there are so many great alternatives that are durable, cute, and easy to clean! You'll be enjoying mealtime before you know it.

Olababy Training Spoon- A great first spoon that's made from silicone and has a unique shape that encourages babies to learn the basics of feeding themselves. It's also shorter than a lot of baby spoons, which makes it easier for them to get food into their mouths!

Avanchy Bamboo Baby Bowl and Spoon- A natural bamboo bowl that sits on top of a suction silicone ring. Parents love this bowl for hassle-free feeding. The silicone ring detaches, making it easy to clean. The bamboo bowl also makes a good snack bowl without the silicone ring when baby outgrows it!

Ezpz mat- A placemat and bowl or divided plate in one! The great design makes mealtime fun for kids and is easy to use and clean for parents.


We love bibs! Whether you have a newborn who's constantly spitting up or a baby who's learning to feed themselves, a bib is a crucial part of minimizing mess and maximizing sanity. But did you know that some bibs contain PFAS chemicals (Teflon like chemicals)? PFAS, sometimes known as forever chemicals, shouldn't be anywhere near a baby and they also aren't great for the environment. So instead, we recommend using either a thick cotton bibs or a silicone bib for those kids starting to eat.

$ Green Sprouts Stay-dry Bibs- These bibs are an affordable option with an absorbent cotton top and a polyurethane waterproof lining to keep your little one dry and clean. No Teflon needed.

$ $ Burt's Bees Baby Bibs- These organic cotton bibs have a knit terry backing to keep baby dry and clean. The unique shoulder style neckline means that there are no buttons or velcro to mess with (or fall apart). Plus it adds protection from spills and stains to a larger area.

$ $ $ Mushie Silicone Bib- These silicone bibs are great at protecting outfits during mealtimes and the pocket is great for catching all the food that would otherwise drop onto the floor. It's easy to clean and comes in so many cute colors and patterns!

Sippy Cup or Straw Water Bottle

It may seem like you're jumping the gun by adding a sippy cup or water bottle to your registry (is it too early to say "where has my baby gone"?), but babies actually start drinking water at 6 months. Ditch the plastic and check out these safer stainless steel and silicone options! We have an entire roundup of non toxic sippy cups and straw water bottles, but here are our favorites for babies just learning to drink.

$ $ Munchkin Miracle Stainless Steel 360 sippy cup or Cool cat stainless steel straw water bottle- These popular products by Munchkin now come in stainless steel! With a convenient no spill top or a cute straw top, these are both great options for learning how to drink water.

$ $ Ezpz training cup- This is a small silicone training cup that parents really love. It's a great way to get babies to learn how to drink from a real cup. It's only 2 oz, so even if they spill it's not a big deal.

$ $ $ Pura kiki sippy cup or straw water bottle- This stainless steel bottle grows with your baby. If you're using it as a baby bottle, all you need to do is buy the sippy cup or the straw top. We love the idea of less waste and non-toxic!

5. Playing

Bouncer or Swing

Having a safe spot to put your little one when you need a break from holding them is a lifesaver! That's why bouncers and swings are so popular with new parents. Unfortunately, many of the bouncers available not only overstimulate babies, but can also contain harmful chemicals like flame retardants. Here is our roundup of all the bouncers and swings without toxic chemicals. Our two favorite options are below:

$ $ $ BabyBjorn Bouncer Balance- This is a beloved bouncer by many new parents. Your baby's own movements cause this bouncer to gently move. The soft fabric supports baby's head and there are three reclining positions. It also folds flat, making it easy to store or bring for traveling.

$ $ $ 4moms mamaRoo 4- This bouncer and swing moves up and down and side to side in 5 different motions. It also comes with 4 different white noise options. Many parents swear this machine is a life saver!

Play Gym or Play Mat

Foam play mats are usually made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyurethane, or EVA. Unfortunately there are health issues with all three materials. While EVA is definitely a better option than PVC and is typically advertised as a healthier choice, it often tests positive for formamide, another toxic chemical. Even products that claim "formamide free" can have trace levels. That's why we recommend turning any quilt you already have into a DIY play area or one of these non-toxic options.

$ $ Wee Gallery Safari Play mat- This play mat has visually stimulating graphics that babies love and is made from organic cotton muslin and Oeko-tex polyester padding.

$ $ $ Lovevery- This play gym is much more than a play gym. It has sensory based learning activities included for every stage of development through the first year. From tummy time to sitting up play time, this will be fun and entertaining for your little one.

$ $ $ Toki mats- Most play mats are made with a petroleum based synthetic foam. Not this one! The Toki play mat is made from organic latex with a removable cotton cover and comes in adorable printed fabrics. This mat is perfect for tummy time and can be used as the floor of a play house when your little one grows up!

$ $ $ $ Lorena Canal round rugs- These are actually washable rugs, but we think they are great playmats too. They are made from cotton and don't have a synthetic backing or any harmful dyes. This rug is a great choice for any nursery or play area and will last for years.


Babies will put anything and everything in their mouths, which is why you should always have a non-toxic teether on standby! We love these teethers because they're made from safe materials like wood, stainless steel, and natural rubber.

$ Maple Teether- This teether is cut from a single piece of smooth maple hardwood and is incredibly durable.

$ $ Oli and Carol- These fun produce-shaped teethers (we're partial to the kale) are made from natural rubber and are designed without holes, which means bacteria and mold won't get trapped inside.

$ $ $ Kleyanimals Toy Keys- Babies love chewing on keys, so why not get them their own special set? These keys are made from stainless steel and won't expose your baby to harmful metal like lead that could be in your real house and car keys.

6. Bathing

Bath tub

You may be surprised to see plastic tubs on our list, but we think plastic is worth it here since it can save water, prevent accidents, and well made ones can be passed to another family. There are bath tubs made with safer plastics, such as polypropylene, and made without harmful additives like phthalates and BPA. Here are some that we suggest.

$ Boon Naked Collapsible Bathtub- A favorite for parents with small bathrooms, this tub collapses and has the support for infants and toddlers. This tub is made from polypropylene and is BPA and phthalate free.

$ $ Primo Eurobath- This polypropylene bath has supportive positions from newborn to toddlerhood and is a favorite with parents. It is one of the largest baby bathtubs so it will definitely last for a long time.

$ $ $ BEABA by Shnuggle Baby Bath Tub- This is a cozy compact bathtub that holds your baby securely in place. It doesn't require a lot of water and drains quickly.

Baby shampoo

While we don't advocate for using baby shampoo or soap every day, we definitely recommend having a gentle and non-irritating shampoo or soap without harsh preservatives or synthetic fragrances. Enjoy bath time knowing that you are using a safe and non-toxic baby shampoo and soap. We found the best non-toxic baby shampoo options that are widely available, loved by parents and babies alike, and do their job without any harsh chemicals or exorbitant prices. We've personally tested these on our kids and especially love these three.

$ Honest baby Shampoo and Body Wash- An affordable baby shampoo and soap that is tear-free and gentle. We recommend the fragrance free version, especially for babies under 6 months.

$ $ Babo Botanicals Sensitive Baby 2-in-1 Shampoo and Wash- A perfect all purpose soap that is really gentle. Especially great for any babies with eczema or rashes.

$ $ $ Earth Mama Sweet Orange Castile Baby Wash- A great all purpose castile soap with a foaming pump. Cleans without drying or irritation.

7. Clothing

Is there anything cuter than baby clothing? We get emotional just thinking about those impossibly small booties and animal-themed hats. But looks aren't the only important thing when picking out clothing for your little ones- fabric and manufacturing practices play a big role in keeping them protected from harmful chemicals. When choosing new clothing, look for natural fibers like cotton and linen. If you have the budget for organic cotton, we prefer cotton that has been certified organic and carries a GOTS label, a certified textile standard. This standard covers the whole cotton production process (growing, processing, dyeing) all the way until the product reaches the store for you to buy! Our favorite clothing brands come in a variety of price points and style options.

Organic Clothing Brands


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Non-Toxic, Eco-Friendly Alternatives to Swiffers

Or convert the Swiffer you already have into a non-toxic, planet-friendly option

Who hasn't had a Swiffer before? The promise of an easy-to-use and affordable sweeping, mopping and dusting solution is hard to say no to! While Swiffer products are quite convenient and user friendly, have you ever thought about how much trash those single-use pads generate and what toxic chemicals might be used in their cleaning solutions? Well we're here to give you the low down. If you already have a Swiffer, we have some tips on how to use your Swiffer in a more environmentally conscious way with non-toxic ingredients. And if you don't have one, but want some just as convenient recommendations on mopping and dusting we have you covered too.

Why You Might Want to Think Twice About Swiffers

Ever take a big whiff when you bust open your new package of refillable Swiffer wet pads? Well, sorry to be the bearer of bad news, but those flowery and attractive smells contain fragrances and other harmful ingredients, which often carry phthalates, asthmagens (1) and other chemicals of concern. When these fragrance chemicals vaporize into your household, they can trigger asthma attacks, and aggravate sinus conditions; they can disrupt hormones, cause headaches, eyes, nose and throat irritation, and produce neurotoxic symptoms, like loss of coordination, and forgetfulness (2).

Other ingredients in Swiffer products have also been found to aid in developing resistance to antibiotics over time (3). This means that germs like bacteria and fungi start building the capacity to defeat the drugs that are designed to kill them. When this happens, this can require extended hospital stays, more follow-up visits to the doctor, and other costly and toxic treatment alternatives (4). It's not just humans that are impacted either, these products are also very toxic to aquatic animals (5,6). Makes us think twice about using them all around the house!

Not only is it a good idea to steer clear of these chemicals, but can we talk about the trash? Easy disposal of these toxic, non-biodegradable products, like the refill pads, has resulted in an exorbitant amount of unnecessary waste and has nearly destroyed our environment (7). Refillable Swiffer pads are made from polyester which is derived from fossil fuels (8), and are contributing to the degradation of our ecosystems and wildlife (9). These persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are harmful toxins that will continue to corrode our environment for centuries, as they occupy landfills and slowly leak toxins into soil and water over time (9). What a mess!

The good news is that there are simple alternative methods you can start using that are more protective of our health (and the planet's) well-being. Plus, since you don't have to purchase refill pads, they are great for your budget too. There are even easy hacks to turn the Swiffer product you already have into a non-toxic option.

How to Make Your Swiffer Non-Toxic and Earth-Friendly

Get a reusable washable microfiber pad and ditch the single-use ones. Microfibers are extremely effective at capturing germs and small particles (10). These microfiber mop pads work for both the Swiffer sweepers and WetJet. Here are some we like:

Swiffer Sweeper Compatible Reusable Pads

Easily Greener Microfiber Mop Pads

Turbo Mops Reusable Microfiber Mop Pads

Swiffer Wet Jet Compatible Reusable Pads

Easily Greener Swiffer WetJet Compatible, Microfiber Mop Pads

TurboMops Reusable Microfiber Mop Pads Compatible with Swiffer WetJet

Just throw these reusable option into the washer after you're done using it and it's ready to be used the next time you need it. And if you want a completely free way to do this, you can even try using an old fuzzy sock and wrap that around the bottom of your WetJet and voila, you're all ready to start moppin'.

If you have an old washcloth you can also place that into the corners of the holes of your traditional Swiffer to secure the cloth. You'll want to make sure to dip the cloth into your cleaning solution before you attach it to the mop and/or you can add the cleaning solution to a spray bottle to spray the surface as well.

DIY Your Own Safe and Effective Cleaning Solution

If you've got the Swiffer WetJet, make sure the refill bottle is thoroughly cleaned out with soap and water, then go ahead and add your preferred non-toxic cleaning solution. Here are our recommended non-toxic floor cleaners that are available in stores. But you can also create your own safe and effective floor cleaner with a couple of ingredients you may already have! Here are three options:

  1. Add ½ tsp of liquid soap to each gallon of water
  2. Add ½ cup vinegar to every gallon of water
  3. Add 1 tsp Branch Basics concentrate to every 1 cup of water

When the floors are really dirty use the liquid soap solution to really mop up that grime and dirt. If things have been more chill around the house, use the vinegar solution. We've heard that using the vinegar on hardwood floors is not a problem, but you should check what type of finish your floors have, and do a test sample somewhere out of sight just to be sure.

Convenient, Non-toxic, and Budget Friendly Swiffer Alternatives

If you don't own a Swiffer, bless your heart. Here are our favorite Swiffer alternatives for getting your floor clean.

Spray Mops

Spray mops are super convenient and easy to use on all types of floors, including hardwood and laminate flooring. Plus, no need for any buckets or wringing! Just add your washable/reusable microfiber mop pad and pre-made non-toxic floor cleaning solution to the dispenser and you are ready to have at it! When you're done, throw the reusable mop pad in the laundry machine.

O-Cedar ProMist Microfiber Spray Mop

Steam Mops

Another green alternative you can use is a steam mop. Steam mops work by heating up the water to really high temperatures inside its chamber and dispensing it as steam, which is then dispersed through a cloth or pad. The steam helps to loosen up the dirt and grime from your floors, and the high temps help to kill germs and bacteria on hard surfaces. No harmful chemicals needed!

Steam mops are typically safe to use on vinyl, ceramic, and porcelain tile floors, but you may want to double check with your flooring brand to make sure using steam won't void your floor's warranty. You should also never use steam mops on any unsealed, peeling or unfinished floors, and although manufacturers claim it is safe to do so, use caution with any wood or laminate flooring.

PurSteam Steam Mop Cleaner

Spinning Mop

How about a mop that just simply does the work for you? There are now electric mops that are similar to a commercial orbiter floor machine, but made for residential homes. The reusable and washable rotating mop pads clean your floor for you and all you have to do is guide them along the floors. You control the amount of cleaning solution by spraying as you go. To make this a healthy option, ditch the cleaning product that comes with it and use your own pre-made non-toxic floor cleaning product (either DIY or store bought).

Bissell Spinwave Hard Floor Spin Mop

Microfiber Mop + Spray Bottle

Our last favorite mop is just a microfiber mop that is very similar to Swiffer, but that has a reusable microfiber mop pad. This mop can swivel in all directions and has an extendable sturdy handle. It can easily clean under furniture and clean baseboards. Pair this mop with a spray bottle that contains your favorite DIY or store bought non-toxic floor cleaner and you're good to go!

Turbo Microfiber Mop

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Plastic-Free (and Melamine-Free!) Outdoor Tableware

They won't break, look great, and are sure to be perfect for you outdoor gatherings

Updated for Summer 2022!

Getting ready for some outdoor parties and dining this summer? We sure are! If you're looking to spruce up your outdoor dining scene, you'll quickly see that most options are made of melamine. Even though melamine dishware doesn't look like plastic, melamine can leach into food after dishes are repeatedly microwaved or used to hold both hot and acidic foods (read this to learn why you might want to skip the melamine). So if melamine is out, and easy to break options like ceramic just don't work for you (children being children, slippery surfaces, clumsy grownups!), check out these stainless steel, enamelware, wood, and tempered glass options. Although we always recommend reusable, we included one disposable option too (without PFAS chemicals). These are our top picks for plastic-free outdoor dishware, serving bowls and platters, tumblers, and more. They are all light weight, hard to break, and will make your outdoor entertaining photos look on point. So pick up some of these plastic-free and melamine-free outdoor dishes and enjoy dining al fresco!

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As the weather warms up, we want to spend as much time outdoors as possible. This means picnics, pool parties, and of course BBQs! We love a good barbecue because they're super fun, delicious, and a great way to cook and socialize at the same time. Plus there is less mess in the kitchen to clean up. But before you dust off your grill, check out our tips for a healthier BBQ that aren't just about what recipes to use. There are other aspects of health that go beyond just what ingredients you use.

1) Trim Fat and Clean the Grill

To start, let's think about the actual grill. Because of the open flame, grills create some smoke. And while that's sometimes the point (hello smoked salmon), directly breathing in smoke usually isn't the best idea, especially for children and people with asthma. There are some things you can do to make your grilling a little less smokey, though. If you're in the market for a new grill or if you're looking to upgrade your current one, look for a gas grill. While they're not perfect, they produce less smoke than charcoal grills.

If you have a charcoal grill (or prefer that), cut off excess fat to lower the amount of dripping and risk for flare-ups (1). Also, cleaning your grill to remove the charred, stuck-on bits before you cook is good for reducing smoke. And in general, a clean grill is better for you. You should brush or scrape your grill every time you use it, and then do a deep cleaning a few times a year, depending on how often you use it.

2) Marinate, Marinate, Marinate

Now let's get to the actual food and BBQing. Overcooking (or burning) the food raises the amount of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heterocyclic amines (HCAs) on the food (2). These chemicals are what people talk about when they say that grilling food can make it more likely to cause cancer. But we have good news- you can dramatically lower the amount of PAHs and HCAs by marinating your meat before grilling it. It doesn't have to be marinated for a very long time (even 5 minutes of marination reduces PAHs and HCAs by as much as 92%), but the longer you marinate, the more flavorful the meat will be. Some research has shown that marinades with acid or oil are better than ones high in sugar (3). Additionally, tossing in some basil, mint, rosemary, oregano, or marjoram helps to reduce HCA levels because of their antioxidant properties (4). Easy peasy, and delicious!

3) Use Real Plates or Napkins

After you are done wonderfully cooking your food, you don't want to taint it by putting the piping hot food on plates that could leach chemicals onto the food. Usually BBQs or cookouts are known for using plastic or paper plates for easy cleaning up. But, plastic plates can transfer some harmful chemicals to the food, and so can paper plates if they are made with oil- or water-resistant Teflon-like chemicals. Those water- and oil-proof property in PFAS chemicals (Teflon-like, also called 'forever chemicals'), can easily get into the food items that it touches and takes years to break down, both in your body and in the environment. The best option would be to use real ceramic plates or some of these safe outdoor dishes that you can wash after the party, or unlined paper or bamboo plates that are completely compostable without PFAS chemicals. Hey, if you are really going all out, why not just ditch the plate altogether and create less trash over all. Who really needs a plates for a hotdog and cupcakes anyway?

4) Use Mineral Sunscreen and Safer Inspect Repellent

While this is less to do with the food, sunscreen and insect repellant are often popular for outdoor summertime events. While both have some pretty good benefits, like keeping you from getting burnt or covered in bites that can lead to various illnesses, some sunscreens and insect repellents contain pretty nasty chemicals. A good option is to wear long sleeve, lightweight shirts and pants that would protect you from both insects and sun. If that's just not seeming like an option for you, check out our roundup of safer sunscreen products. When it comes to bug repellant, that is more difficult and using a product with DEET, Picaridin, or IR3535 might still be your best bet. Some do find that oil of lemon eucalyptus (which is a particular active ingredient, different from lemon eucalyptus oil), can also be effective. You can read more about that in our insect repellant article.

5) Limit Plastic Decorations and Toys

The last tip relates to the decorations and activities at your BBQ. We recommend avoiding plastic and opting for reusable decorations when you can. Read more about ideas for throwing a party with less plastic. For items that are more common at a BBQ party near water, try games like corn hole or sharks and minnows. If you are more the type that likes to float around in the water, consider pool noodles instead of rafts and things. While slightly less instagramable or T-Swift inspired, foam noodles are safer than the plastic floats which are almost always made of PVC (which contains phthalates). Get creative for fun ways to play that don't require plastic toys.


1) Hall, McKenzie. Reduce your exposure to toxins from grilled meats. Chicago Tribune. July 2, 2014.

2) Chung SY, Yettella RR et al. Effects of grilling and roasting on the levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in beef and pork. Food Chemistry. Volume 129, Issue 4, 15 December 2011, Pages 1420-1426.

3) Farhadian A, Abas F et al. Effects of marinating on the formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (benzo[a]pyrene, benzo[b]fluoranthene and fluoranthene) in grilled beef meat. Food Control. 28(2):420–425, December 2012.

          4) Riches, Derrick. Healthy Grilling. The Spruce. April 4, 2017. Accessed April 11, 2018.

          Throwing a Party with Less Plastic

          A healthier way to eat cake, drink beer, and celebrate

          Parties are always great. You get to see friends, have a good time, and figure out how to eat delicious food off a paper plate while not spilling whatever may be in your cup. While the chips, cake, and booze may not be the healthiest, there are other things you might not be thinking about that harm our health. The biggest offender at parties usually is all the plastic. The plastic cups, the plastic utensils, the fun table cloths with Yoda's face on them are all made of plastic.

          While there are many reasons to avoid plastic - it's not good for the world, it requires oil to make, it's hard to recycle if there has been food on it - one that people often don't usually think of is that single-use plastic can affect our health, both immediately and long term. The chemicals in the plastic cups, or even used to make paper cups and plates oil and water resistant, can easily seep into food and drinks. As it does that, it gets into our bodies as we consume the fun party foods and can interfere with the ways cells communicate with our bodies. This interference has been shown in various research projects to lead to things like obesity, fertility problems, temperature disregulation, and even cancers (1).

          We are never going to be completely free from plastic. It's everywhere, and for certain things, it's really convenient and necessary. But, it isn't necessary as often as we normally use it. And, one way to lower the risk of health problems and send a message to companies that create unnecessary plastic waste at the same time is to buy and use fewer plastic products or products with excessive plastic packaging.With a few simple swaps, you can make the party healthier for your guests (and yourself) by limiting the amount of plastic you use:

          Keep Reading Show Less

          9 Veggies You Can Grow Indoors

          Gourmet dinners with fresh veggies and no more plastic herb packets are in your future

          What's better than having an indoor plant baby? How about one that gives you food? Since we are all spending more time at home these days and making less trips to the grocery store, it's a perfect time to try your hand at some indoor veggies that you can grow in your windowsill. Plus this is a great project to do with kids if you are homeschooling them due to COVID-19 school closures. Some ideas include helping plant and water the seeds, writing down weekly observations, measuring and drawing the vegetables as they grow, and finally learning to cook with them. Here are our suggestions for 9 veggies and herbs that are easy to grow inside and are useful to have on hand.

          Keep Reading Show Less

          PFAS: Pretty Freaking Awful Stuff

          Or, per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances - you can choose

          What is PFAS?

          PFAS, are synthetic man-made chemicals that have been used since the 1950's. They are otherwise known as "forever chemicals" because they do not breakdown, so stay in the environment and can build up in the bodies of humans and animals and even in plants (1). The most well-known PFAS is probably Teflon. Yep, the OG nonstick coating, otherwise known as PTFE. Most likely you've heard of how when Teflon starts to peel off or chip from our pans it can be bad, but this is just one of thousands of PFAS chemicals.

          Where is PFAS found? And why?

          PFAS chemicals are used in non-stick cookware, water-repellent clothing and outdoor gear, stain resistant fabrics and furnishings, some cosmetics, firefighting foams, food packaging, building materials, and has many other industrial uses. While some things like waterproof camping gear might seem a more obvious application of their stain and water repellent properties, other things like food packaging might be a little less obvious, but not when you realize why. It would be super annoying if your cheesy pizza seeps oil through the paper take-out box. So, the manufacturers coat or make products with PFAS to make them more durable and convenient. So, any time you think about a raincoat, or a cardboard-looking take-out container that seems impervious to oil, or even a stain-resistant fabric that somehow won't stain even if you smear ketchup on it, think of your old, wonky, chipping nonstick pan.

          Because PFAS is used in so many different products, there are lots of ways for the chemicals to spread throughout our environment. The three main ways are through manufacturing releases, runoff from fighting fires (more on this later), and as it escapes or chips off of PFAS-containing products. This means these chemicals are often found in our waterways, soil, air, and drinking water as well.

          Keep Reading Show Less

          Simple Homemade and Store Bought Organic Fertilizers

          How to fertilize your garden without synthetic fertilizers

          Spring is just around the corner and that means it's finally time to start planting that garden you have been thinking about all winter! One of the first things you might be thinking of is sprinkling some fertilizer on your seeds and starters to get a bumper crop or some extra large blooms. A lot of people think using synthetic fertilizers is the easiest choice to help your garden thrive, but in reality it's just a quick fix that will cause a lot of long term damage to your garden and the environment. Instead of using harsh chemicals on your beautiful garden, you should make the switch to organic fertilizers! Not only are organic fertilizers better for the environment and human health, you can also use a lot of the food scraps and things you have in your home to fertilize your garden. Super cost effective and so easy!

          Why we shouldn't use synthetic fertilizers

          When it comes to talking about synthetic fertilizers, it's best to start with what they are and what they are made of. Synthetic fertilizers are man-made products made from byproducts of the petroleum industry. Some examples of these fertilizers are Ammonium nitrate, Ammonium phosphate, superphosphate, and so many other variations (2). Because these fertilizers are made from petroleum products it means they are super energy intensive to produce and require the burning of fossil fuels to extract the specific chemicals. So basically fertilizers = fossil fuels = climate change! Eeek! (1).

          In terms of fertilizing the plants and soil, synthetic fertilizers give the plants food in a readily available form, however, plants consume this food very rapidly and that means the fertilizer needs to be reapplied over and over again (3). The reason this type of fertilizer needs to be constantly reapplied is because they do absolutely nothing to improve the quality and health of the soil. Synthetic fertilizers provide nutrients for the plants but include no organic matter or nutrients that are required by the microorganisms in the soil to remain healthy. Moreover, synthetic fertilizers are known for killing microorganisms as soon as it's applied. These organisms are highly important because they break down organic matter and make the nutrients available for the plants to take up and grow (2). Without these important soil organisms, nothing would be able to grow and our soil would become unusable.

          While synthetic fertilizers are extremely damaging to the biodiversity of our soil, they are also extremely toxic when they enter our waterways and drinking water. Because these chemical fertilizers need to be reapplied so often that means there is an excess quantity of them that can runoff when the plants are watered or it rains.This fertilizer runoff contributes to a process called eutrophication, which results in dead zones in bodies of water, because there is not enough oxygen available for the plants and animals living there. (5). Not only is this super dangerous for aquatic wildlife, this can also affect us. When waterways are polluted like this it's not safe for us to play or swim in and eventually these chemical nutrients can leach into the groundwater and cause serious health effects like gastric cancer, hypertension, and possible developmental issues in children (4).

          As you can see using synthetic fertilizers isn't a great idea. They are super dangerous for the health of our environment and us. Thankfully there is an alternative that doesn't have so many nasty effects. That alternative is organic fertilizers!

          Why organic alternatives are better

          Like we mentioned before, in order to have a healthy garden and environment we need to have soil that's full of nutrients and microorganisms. This is where organic fertilizers shine. Organic fertilizers don't contain just nutrients, they contain organic matter that feeds the microorganisms and breaks down into nutrients over time. If you switch to organic fertilizers, not only would you be reducing your impact on the environment, you could also be growing organic fruits and vegetables at home in your own garden., Who doesn't want that?! Plus it's so simple. You can buy some organic fertilizers at the store or DIY some from food scraps you have at home.

          Organic fertilizers you might have at home

          Organic fertilizers come in a variety of different forms. Anywhere from food scraps from your fridge to bat guano extract. Most of the time there is no need to head to the store and buy a big bag of organic fertilizer. Instead, you could try using some things you already have at home. Check out some of the items we found that are great fertilizers for your gardens!

          • Food scraps and compost: We all have food scraps from fruits and veggies we don't eat or the food went bad before we could eat it. Food scraps or a homemade compost is a great organic fertilizer that would add a ton of nutrients to your garden! You can even add broken down cardboard in there. If you're thinking about starting a compost check out this article! (6)
          • Coffee grounds and tea leaves: Coffee grounds and tea leaves are great additions to your garden soil, however, because they can often be very acidic you want to use them sparingly and on plants that love acidic soil (6). Some plants that grow best in acidic soil are azaleas, rhododendrons, and blueberries.
          • Grass clippings and tree leaves: If you don't know what to do with all of the leaves you raked in your yard or all the grass clippings from your lawn, why don't you put them in your garden! Both of these items have super high levels of nitrogen and potassium that plants love (6).
          • Banana Peels: We all know bananas are a great source of potassium and that's true for our soil too! Dry your banana peels out and sprinkle them over your garden (6).
          • Seaweed: Seaweed is packed with tons of nutrients like potassium, nitrogen, phosphate, and magnesium. You can use it in its dried form or get a liquid form from your local garden center! (8)
          • Eggshells: I think we have all joked about eating some extra calcium in the morning when we accidentally get an eggshell in our breakfast. But instead of just throwing them away like you normally would, sprinkle them in your garden for some added calcium. Calcium is an important nutrient that helps plants absorb nutrients better (6).
          • Aquarium water (not salt water): If you have a fresh water fish tank and are looking for a way to dispose of your water, look no further. Aquarium water has a lot of nutrients that are beneficial for plants and a lot of the fish excrement is just extra nutrients for the soil! (7)
          • Fireplace ash: Fireplace ash is often used when the soil is too acidic. Ash has a higher pH, meaning it's more basic which will make the soil less acidic if added. Make sure you use this ash sparingly as too much is not so great for the plants. (7)

          Organic Fertilizers you can buy

          We also wanted to include some organic fertilizers that you can buy at a store. This is probably necessary if you have a huge space you want to fertilize. Some items we recommend to add to your soil that you can buy at many garden supply centers or nurseries are bone meal, worm castings, fish meal, compost, and animal manure. There are even companies where you can get compost (possibly for free) when you give them your food scraps. All of these products are super concentrated fertilizers that will help improve the quality of your soil. Some brands of organic fertilizer we recommend are: biolink, Dr.Earth, Jobe's Organics, and Down to Earth. If for some reason you can't find any of these brands in your nurseries or stores, it's best to contact your local nurseries and they usually have great recommendations for fertilizers they use and sell!


          4. Majumdar, D., & Gupta, N. (2000). Nitrate pollution of groundwater and associated human health disordersDeepanjan. Indian Journal of Environmental Health, 28-39. Retrieved February 26, 2021, from file:///Users/sophieboisseau/Downloads/Nitrate_pollution_of_groundwater_and_ass.pdf
          Want an easy way to live healthier?
          Sign up for our newsletter! Curated environmental health news delivered to your inbox every three weeks.
          By submitting above, you agree to our privacy policy.
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